Latin America Essay

457 Words2 Pages
As in the 70 cycle establishment of military dictatorships opened in much of Latin America and in the '80s there was a return to democracy as a system of government (although holding capitalist accumulation regime implanted under those dictatorships) “ We say no to dictatorships, and we are saying yes to the true democracy, one that will deny no one bread or the power of these words( “We say no” page 253). And in the early '90s started the of conciliation. During the last fifty years has gone from the crisis of liberal exaltation of the role of the state as an agent for economic development through industrialization paradigm. Subsequently many difficulties were detected to materialize the proposed programs, while the Latin American economy was in serious imbalances that quickly led to a deep crisis. In order to correct economic imbalances were put into neoliberal policies that privilege the role of the market in the economy. “ The free market economic reforms were presented as part of a broader reform process and democratization” (Munck Contemporary Latin America; Futures imperfect page 157). Globalisation and neo-liberal policies build on existing inequalities, but raising them to exponential levels. Thus, compared to the devastating consequences caused by the introduction of measures which broadly involved: Figures never known unemployment, declining wages, flexibility and job insecurity and increased poverty. The creation of a growing will occur sector population excluded from access to employment and consumption, weakening the ability to mobilize the labor movement but also encouraging the emergence of new forms of organization and struggle. The main rural Brazilian movement of the 1990s is undoubtedly the MST (Movimiento Sem Terra) "(Munck Contemporary Latin America page 110). The MST have been very active demanding expropriation and

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