Lateral Ankle Sprains

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Samantha Pothier Lateral Ankle Sprains An inversion ankle sprain is when the ankle is turned inwards and there is an injury to a ligament either tearing or stretching. Inversion Ankle sprains are the most common and usually happen when the ankle is forced into plantar flexion and also forced inward. An ankle sprain can be just a stretch of the muscle or tendon, and it also can partially or completely tear. (2. Ferrel) There are different degrees of ankle sprains. The pain will be at the lateral part of the ankle and sometimes at the medial part of the ankle. (1. Heck) Which will cause irritation to plantar flexion. Ankle sprains are the most common injury to the lower foot. 80%-85% of ankle injuries are Lateral ankle sprains. (4. Ibrahim) This is because the foot can turn inwards about 45-60 degrees and so it has more laxity to be pushed further inwards. Regular ankle strengthening exercises are recommended to reduce the rick of getting an ankle sprain or reinjuring an ankle. Ligaments that are injured are the anterior talofibular ligament, which is the most common ligament to be injured, posterior talofibular ligament this ligament is rarely injured and also the calcaneofibular ligament. Most ankle sprains include the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament. With any ankle sprain if there is any worry about dislocation or fracture the person should be immobilized and needs to be seen. When someone sprains an ankle there will be swelling, bruising and tenderness and the pain will be at the lateral part of the ankle and sometimes at the medial part. The ankle is a hinge joint and articulates from three bones, which are the talus, tibia, and fibula. (1. Heck) The ligaments support the ankles stability and when someone has recurrent ankle sprains it is likely that they could lose their normal kinematics. (6 Maughan) Muscles that cause

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