Late Nietzsche's View on Socrates Essay

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Ermoza Ben David LATE NIETZSCHE'S VIEW ON SOCRATES The Problem of Socrates "Socrates was a misunderstanding; the whole improvement-morality, including the Christian, was a misunderstanding. The most blinding daylight; rationality at any price; life, bright, cold, cautious, conscious, without instinct, in opposition to the instincts--all this too was a mere disease, another disease, and by no means a return to "virtue," to "health," to happiness. To have to fight the instincts--that is the formula of decadence: as long as life is ascending, happiness equals instinct." Twilight of the Idols, The Problem of Socrates, 11 " I tried to show, on the other hand, what instincts have been active behind all these pure theoreticians--how they have all, under the spell of their instincts, gone fatalistically for something that was "truth" for them--for them and only for them." The Will to Power, 423 As we already have seen, the reason is not something independent to life,[1] as tradition used to consider it, but conditioned by body and life. There is no something as pure spirit, or reason-in-itself, neither its postulates are criteria of truth. The seduction of logic that convinced us that we are capable to know something, has its prehistory in the sphere of instincts, in the interpretation of our own species of life: logic is a particular valuation, just as moral is, in the service of life, a particular type of life, embodied in a particular type of body. Because of that, all our philosophy and all our moral are a big misunderstanding, the misunderstanding of body, which has its prehistory in the instincts, inclinations and disgusts of the philosopher or the moralist, or, to more precisely, of the philosopher-moralist, personified in the dogmatic philosopher, in his strengths and weakness, in ups and downs of his physical energy,

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