Large Hadron Collider Essay

492 Words2 Pages
The Large Hadron Collider is a 17 mile long particle accelerator between the two countries of France and Switzerland. The Large Hadron Collider will shoot particles such as protons and electrons at each other at 99.9999% the speed of light. The Large Hadron Collider, or LHC, is supposed to find many different things. Some of the things the LHC is looking for are: the Higgs boson, dark matter, and extra dimensions. First off when particles collide at high speeds they produce a weak electromagnetic field with equal symmetry. This model shows that the field is broken by something scientists can’t see. Scientists think that this is caused by the Higgs boson which is a particle not seen or detected to date. This boson could help prove how objects gain and acquire mass in the first place. This boson could open up worlds of discoveries that we have never dreamed of before. If the boson is found it could help prove the Standard Model, which would lead to discovering three of the four known fundamental interactions among the elementary particles that make up all matter. Second, the LHC could help us discover dark matter. Dark matter is matter that does not have electromagnetism but is hinted at by experiments with gravity. Dark matter makes up a majority of what we see in observable space. Dark matter affects the speed and velocity of planets, temperature distribution in hot gas of galaxies, and plays a role in structure formation of galaxies and how the develop. These could be used to help out in our efforts to explore space and the universe. It could explain how galaxies apart from ours move and develop from day to day and year to year. Lastly, the LHC could find extra dimensions. Extra dimensions exist in very small form as large as millimeters across. This isn’t much but it could lead to some big breakthroughs. There could be hundreds or thousand of dimensions
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