The abdomen may also become bloated and distended. Sores or ulcers within the intestinal tract are another complication. Deep ulcers can turn into fistulas that connect different parts of the intestine. Fistulas can tunnel into the surrounding areas such as the bladder, vagina, or skin. Proteins, calories, and vitamins are many times low for a patient with Crohn’s disease.
Some of the more common complications associated with the disease are bowel obstruction, ulcers, and fistulas. Bowel obstruction is the most common and results from the thickening of the intestinal wall with swelling and scar tissue, narrowing the passage. The narrowing of the intestines blocks flow of digested material through the affected area. In severe conditions surgery is needed to remove the dead and damaged tissue of the bowel. Chronic inflammation that accompanies this disease can lead to the formation of ulcers.
This abnormal mucus can clog the airways which will lead to severe problems with breathing and bacterial infections in the lungs. These infections will cause an individual to cough and wheeze. Inflammation is caused as well. Over time, mucus buildup and infections result in permanent lung damage which includes the formation of scar tissue and cyst in the lungs. Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) located
What functions will be compromised if the ulcer eats through the submucosa and then the muscularis? Absorption would not happen correctly some of the ingested and secreted may seep out of the lumen. This also could create a pathway of entry for pathogens if the ulcer ate through to the muscularis mucosa and also lose some control of defecation. (Jenkins & Tortora pg. 825,826) B.
A person who has these diseases could be embarrassed by symptoms such as constipation, stool leakage and urine leakage. These bowel and bladder dysfunctions are common in both Fibromyalgia and Multiple Sclerosis (PubMed Health 1747) (PubMed Health
Gastroparesis is usually caused by damage to the vagus nerve which regulates stomach function, but can also be caused by other factors.1.2 Gastroparesis causes many irritating symptoms. Diagnostic exams and treatments exist to diagnose and treat the symptoms of the disorder, but no cure is yet available. The vagus nerve, which is responsible for many sensory and motor responses of the intestine, can be damaged due to esophageal or gastric surgery. 1,2 The vagus nerve sends neurotransmitter impulses to the smooth muscle of the stomach that result in contraction and forward propulsion of gastric contents. If the vagus nerve is injured during surgery, gastric emptying may not occur.
It is usually in the form of vomiting and abdominal pain that can mimic necrotizing enterocolitis and may lead to delay in diagnosis. This happens because in intussusception peristalsis is disturbed and lymphatic and venous obstruction occurs causing ischaemia or perforation. In term neonates, symptoms are very similar to those of other causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction while in preterm neonates they are very similar to those of necrotizing
Older children and adolescent have a more developed omentum, which walls off the inflamed or perforated appendix, often causing a focal abscess. • significant abdominal pain, especially around the bellybutton or in the lower right part of the abdomen (perhaps coming and going and then becoming consistent and sharp) • low-grade fever • loss of appetite • nausea and vomiting • diarrhea (especially small amounts, with mucus) • swollen or bloated abdomen, especially in infants The symptoms of appendicitis can vary according to a child's age. In kids 2 years old or younger, the most common symptoms are vomiting and a bloated or swollen abdomen, accompanied by pain. Laboratory and diagnostic test: • Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan: performed to visualize the appendix for further evaluation • Laboratory testing: may reveal an elevated white blood cell count • C reactive protein: may be elevated If appendicitis goes untreated, the inflamed appendix can burst 24 to 72 hours after the symptoms begin. 2.
The cysts may become infected. Some patients experience backache, deep pelvic pain, and constant vaginal discharge. Salpingitis - inflammation of the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tubes become blocked the egg will not be able to pass along or enter the fallopian tube. There is a significant increase of ectopic pregnancy.
It can signal something severe or even be related to something as small as a stomach virus. Pancreatic cancer may hinder the pancreas' ability to produce insulin, which could result in diabetes. Pancreatic cancer has many different symptoms (Pancreatic Cancer Causes, Symptoms,