One of the key differences between Plato and Aristotle’s philosophies are beliefs about the ‘creation of a form.’ Plato believed in a demiurge – a figure that shaped a form from matter that already existed, so not in itself a creator, but a force that molded a form into shape. Aristotle on the other hand believed in the concept of causes and that the efficient cause was the first cause to create a form from its material cause; the name for the first creator was the ‘prime mover’ and the first material, ‘prime matter.’ And effectively is therefore a creator. Aristotle’s causality continued to inspire great philosophers, such as Thomas Aquinas. Aristotle believed that all movement depends on there being a mover. For Aristotle, movement meant more than something physically travelling; but included change: growth, melting, cooling, heating etc.
Notions like these have sculpted governments throughout history and still hold true in our current times. Most of their ideas are demonstrated in their most popular writings: Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes and the Second Treatise of Civil Government by John Locke. Their political & philosophical writings are what caused them to become very famous as of today. The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate the greatest differences and some of the similarities between Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes and the Second Treatise of Civil Government by John Locke expand on their views on the state of nature, government, and social contract and finally come up with an evaluation of which I prefer to agree more with. From my readings in books and articles, I notice that John Locke and Thomas Hobbes have complete different strong views when they express their thoughts on many political and social subjects like the social contract theory.
In some places, cultural transformation occurred with the migration of relatively small elite populations, for example from Brittonic to English culture between the 4th and 7th centuries CE in what had been Roman Britain. Early humans migrated due to many factors such as changing climate and landscape and inadequate food supply. The evidence indicates that the ancestors of the Austronesian peoples spread from the South Chinese mainland to Taiwan at some time around 8,000 years ago. Evidence from historical linguistics suggests that it is from this island that seafaring peoples migrated, perhaps in distinct waves separated by millennia, to the entire region encompassed by the Austronesian languages. It is believed that this migration began around 6,000 years ago.
Cultural Past and History Point Reyes extends back to 5,000 years to the Miwok Indians who were the first human inhabitats of the Peninsula. To this day, there are over 120 known village sites existing in the park. In honor of the Miwok Indians, there is a recreated Miwok Village, called Kule Loklo, existing in the area. At Drake’s Beach one can also visit the Ken Patrick Visitor Center where they can learn about the famous explorers who set foot in the area. Sir Francis Drake debarked in the area in 1579 as the first European to do so.
History of Byzantium The origins of Byzantium are shrouded in legend. The traditional legend has it that Byzas from Megara (a town near Athens), founded Byzantium in 657 BC, when he sailed northeast across the Aegean Sea. Byzas had consulted the Oracle at Delphi to ask where to make his new city. The Oracle told him to find it "opposite the blind." At the time, he did not know what this meant.
Although primarily teachers of ethics they were also interested in the theories of the universe and the origin of human nature. Neo-Confucianism already A new way of thinking already created from Confucianism was in a way about to split again. It branched out into two schools of philosophy; the foremost exponent of one school was Chu Hsi/Zhu Xi Oct. 18,1130- Apr. 23,2011 was a sung dynasty Confucian scholar who became a leader for Neo-Confucianism and the most influential rationalist Neo-Confucian in China. Chu His/Zhu Xi created a new school of Neo-Confucian thinking “The White Deer Grotto” located in the Lushan Mountain was where he created this “Home Base” for his school of Neo-Confucianism.
Firstly, they are all the answer of unknown things for ancient people, and help with people’s morality. In ancient time, people don’t acquire sufficient and correct knowledge to explain their unknown things in nature. They use them own theory to understand and explain the nature. Ancient Chinese people thought that Tian is what creates the nature and determines the rule of nature at that time. They thought that rain, thunder, earthquake will be the instructions of Tian.
The Athenian system, as it entered a polis age, initially began with using other traditional institutions from other Greek states. These traditional institutions consisted of adult male assemblies, magistrates (voted annually) and an aristocratic council. Solon The change of democracy took its first incline in Solon’s constitution. In 594 BC as he switched traditional institutions. He did so by riding economically based requisites inflicted toward common Athenian citizens, to the aristocracy.
Robert Hook Accomplishments Robert Hook is one of the most remarkable scientists in the world Robert Hooke was and English scientist born in 1635 and died in the year of 1703. Robert Hooke was born in the town of Freshwater, which is located in the Isle of Write. Hooke was born to a minister named John Hooke. He was educated at the University of Oxford. Robert Hook is famous for his significant accomplishment in biology.
In this paper I will attempt to give an understanding of both rationalism and empiricism, show the ideas and contributions each of the men made to their respective schools, and hopefully give my personal reasoning why one is more true than the other. Rationalism was developed by several important philosophers all around the 17th century. Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibnitz are all given credit for developing rationalism. Rationalism is the idea that reason and logic are the basis of knowledge. It says that knowledge is innate, and that it cannot come from sources such as the senses.