Language Development Essay

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Introduction In language development, several factors may come into play when an individual is learning a second language (Lightbown and Spada, 2006: 2). Some of these factors are; similarities and differences between the first and the second language, psychological factors such as age, ability to learn swiftly, learning style, motivation and intelligence level and sociological factors such as class, environment, cultural shock, desire to make contacts, racism and desire to maintain identity. All these factors may either hamper or catalyze the learning of the second language (Lightbown and Spada, 2006: 2). Below is a comprehensive enumeration of how the factors above influence the learning of the second language in the first and the second case scenario. Case One Differences and Similarities between Language One and Language Two In the first case, the boy has been in Vietnam for 9 years where he has learnt to speak in Vietnamese, but has started taking classes for English vocabulary, grammar and writing as the second language. There are, therefore, several differences on the two languages that might influence the learning of language two on the part of the boy. The first difference is that, Vietnamese language falls short of set pronunciation (Nguyen, 2007: 3). This is so because it is formed by a combination of several dialects Hanoi being the most dominant (Nguyen, 2007: 3). This can make it difficult for the 9 year old when learning English language which is founded on standard pronunciation principles unlike Vietnamese. The second difference between the two is that, change in meaning is denoted by the change in pitch intensity in Vietnamese (Nguyen, 2007: 4). This is different from English language where different meanings are denoted by either adding or subtracting syllables (Nguyen, 2007: 4). Such a scenario can make it difficult for Van when

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