Charles Lawrence uses the case, Brown v. the Board of Education, as an example. Although he argues similar to Brown’s case, the prejudice and racial ways in many schools caused unfair conditions to the victim’s of racial comments. He also argues that racist speech can hinder many people so much that it can make them very uncomfortable in their educational environment. Lawrence goes on to talk about racist speech in the form of face-to-face insults which falls right under fighting words, excepted by the First Amendment Protection. He explains that whenever someone decides that racial comments has to be accepted, we are asking people to accept the hurt of racial comments for everyone else.
Prejudiced views between cultures may result in racism; in its extreme forms, racism may result in genocide, such as occurred in Germany with the Jews, in Rwanda between the Hutus and Tutsis and, more recently, in the former Yugoslavia between the Bosnians and Serbs. Henri Tajfel proposed that stereotyping is based on a normal cognitive process – the tendency to group things together. In doing so, we tend to exaggerate the differences between groups and the similarities of things in the same group. We categorize people in the same way. We see the group to which we belong (the in-group) as being different from the others (the out-group), and members of the same group as being more similar than they are.
Indeed, stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination are inevitable in such a multicultural society as America. A stereotype is an unchanging feeling or opinion that we impose on a specific person or thing, which is actually untrue in real life (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary). It is the biased mindset held by people against certain groups of people. This bias is often the result of past experiences one might encounter or the common public viewpoints. Throughout history, labeling and stereotyping have been employed to quicken the process of communication.
Discriminatory behaviour results in unfair, unjust treatment. It could be done against those who are different with respect to their age, sex, nationality, ethnic background, religion, ability, financial status and size. 1.2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination. Effects of discriminatory practice: - Low self-esteem - Negative behaviours Negative behaviours Negative behaviour is being aggressive and violent towards a person or a thing. For example if someone is getting discriminated for any reason such as age, culture, sex, appearance or many more their behaviour may become negative towards themselves or others.
These attitudes are exclusive and exploitive. They can be covert, such as in a dress code, or they can be extreme and overt, such as in ethnic cleansing. However it is made manifest, it is successful in making it glaring in communities who is considered quality and who is considered with lower worth. This can allow good ideas to be brushed over or horrible ones to be promoted all because of race. Racism takes away the fundamental personal liberties afforded to us by the Declaration of Independence.
There are four types of discrimination, the first is individual discrimination. Individual discrimination is the behaviour of one person to another or a group of people, the next is institutional discrimination; this is when discrimination is built into the way the institution is run. Next is overt discrimination, this is when an individual or institution knowingly treats someone unfairly on the bias of race, gender, etc. The last is covert discrimination, this discrimination in subtle, for example applying criteria that people will be unable to meet, this type can be intentional or unintentional. Discrimination can be seen in practise with stereotyping, labelling, disempowering, abusing, bullying, abuse of power, infringements of rights and over-riding individual’s rights.
What is language discrimination? Language discrimination is when others treat you differently because of the way you speak. This goes both way as you could discriminate against someone because they speak in a manner you don’t accept. America is a country that is made up of many cultures
I choose these because they all revolve around a similar idea: Racism. Although these films obviously contained physical conflict, it is the internal and external conflict that Lee is attempting to display. Whether this is the conflict of morals seen in School Daze or the struggle to retain sanity in She’s Gotta Have It, Spike Lee is suggesting to society that racism is destructive, both physically and more importantly, emotionally. Here is a graph showing from which aspect I choose the films. As you can see, most come under this aspect.
Discrimination- unlawful discrimination occurs when a person is harassed or treated arbitrarily or different because of their membership in a “protected class”. A protected class is a group of two people who share common characteristics and are protected from discrimination and harassment by the law. Prejudice refers to negative judgments and/or views about a group formed without knowledge, though, or reason. A stereotype is a (often negative) generalization about a group based upon samples that do not represent the group, in which the generalization becomes so well-known it becomes a “conventional image” for the group in question., often accepted as the truth by the illogical bunch. Stereotypes could be a form of prejudice if they are negative generalizations.
What is your race? Have you ever been suspected of committing such a wrong doing, thinking, just because of your race? Don’t we hate it when others judge us based on our looks? It is offensive for us because they have made assumptions based on our physical appearance and those assumptions could, or most likely, be wrong. Physical appearance is not enough justification or evidence for others to think of who we may be.