Landfills with Private Participation Essay

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Development of Landfills through Private Sector Participation Paper Submitted to National Seminar on Solid Waste Management Bangalore December 2002 Infrastructure Development Corporation (Karnataka) Ltd. 118 (Old No. 72/4), Cunningham Road, Bangalore – 560052. (080) 2385601/2/3 / 2097667 (Fax) Development of Landfills through Private Sector Participation 1. Municipal Solid Waste Management in India The collection, transportation and disposal of municipal solid waste is one of the most pressing problems of the Indian cities today. With rapid urbanisation as a result of planned and unplanned growth and industrialisation, the problem of handling municipal solid waste has increased in alarming proportions over the past few years. The per capita waste generation in major cities ranges from 0.2 to 0.6 kg. Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), responsible for the solid waste management, spend 60 to 70% of the total budgetary allocation on collection of the solid waste and another 20 to 30% on transportation thus leaving less than 5% for the final disposal of the solid waste. So far, disposal of wastes is being done in an unscientific manner. Crude open dumping of wastes is done in low-lying areas. Waste is also commonly deposited at the dump yard without ascertaining the suitability of the land for waste disposal. Such sites emanate foul smell; become breeding grounds for flies, pests etc. and pose serious threat to underground water reserves. Pursuant to the Supreme Court initiatives, Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India (GoI), has formulated Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2000, which makes it mandatory for every Municipal Authority to implement a scientific solid waste management system. To address the increasingly critical issues in solid waste management, the MSW Rules also lay down a time schedule and the local authorities are

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