European and Japanese feudalism were similar in the fact that they both developed out of a need for protection. In Europe, invasions from outside groups, such as the Vikings, Muslims and Magyars (Hungarians), created problems for the lords. They divided their land amongst various vassals, or lower-ranking lords, who pledged loyalty and military service. In Japan, the decline of the central government allowed private armies to form, and similar to feudalism in Europe, the farmers wanted protection so they gave land to warlords, called daimyo, in exchange. Feudalism in both regions was based on a system of mutual obligations.
There are many historians that argue if the minority council had influence over the causes in either the long or short term causes of the War of the Roses. In John Gillingham’s book, ‘the War of the Roses,’ quotes that ‘the Lancastrian council ruled economically and well’,’ which meant that despite the ‘personal rivalries between the king’s uncles’ they made sure they kept it ‘confined to quarrels in the council chamber’ and the minority is described as being ‘remarkable’ due to the fact that the Anglo-Burgundian alliance
Several similarities and differences can be shown between the knights and the samurai, including feudalism, being guided by a code of honor, education and religion, weapons and armor. Feudalism in both Europe and Japan was similarly structured, as seen in Document A, but there were a few differences. The Samurai would not fight anyone who was inferior to them, therefore making peasants safe, while knights very often attacked peasants and destroyed farms. It was very common, while on the Crusades, to ransack farms for provisions. Lords and Daimyo (basically the same status) built castles for protection, and both the Knights and Samurai were depended on for military service by great landowners.
Following on from this, in 1534, the Act of Supremacy was introduced. This created a change in government as it was ‘an act concerning the King’s Highness to be Supreme Head of the Church of England and to have authority to reform and redress all errors, heresies and abuses in the same.’ This was changing parliament as they were not giving powers to the Crown as they were therefore only able to confirm the situations that Henry chose to make. The Act of First Fruits and Tenths also had an impact on how parliament was in 1534 as because all clerical office holders were to pay the Crown approximately a year’s income on appointment (the first fruits) and then ten per cent of their income annually thereafter. This
The Domesday Book helped to establish control and was an improvement for the English government as William got more information about his finances. A small revolution was that many Anglo Saxon bishops, priests, e4arls and barons were totally replaced from the Anglo Normans. Also new cathedrals in stone. In Chancery there wasn’t a revolution under William as he used the same way as Edward. During Edward there existed some sort of group of clerks who wrote up the laws and grants and writs.
The fact that the economy was not based on money makes it the polar opposite of Virginian economic policies. The difference in government between Virginia and New England could be easily summarized as an aristocracy versus a theocracy. In Virginia, the governance was effectively carried out by landowners due to the fact that laws were passed that only landowners could vote. This meant that it was impossible for the impoverished to ever have a voice,
European Feudalism VS. Japanese Feudalism Even though European and Japan Feudalism have a lot of difference, but it also has a lot of similarities such as they both also have peasants emperor (king) and lords (it’s called knights in Europe). They both hire samurai (knight) to protect their owner and their lands. They owners of samurai and knights have the same expectation from them. Last, their level they are on stay with them forever they have no ways to move up. The differences are the samurai and knight dress differently.
* Edward IVs extraordinary revenue included taxation and benevolences. Benevolence is a compulsory gift of money demanded by the King. Everyone except the nobles and the clergy had to pay this. Another way that Edward gained money through extraordinary revenue was through parliamentary grants. This was a sum of money granted by parliament for emergencies, including war or defence.
Main Body: What does the word feudalism mean? In a broad definition, feudalism is "a system by which the holding of estates in land is made dependent upon an obligation to render military service to the king or feudal superior." Both Japanese and English feudal systems were based on the imperative need for a constantly trained and well equipped military, and a method of repayment for these military services. Generally speaking, the feudal superior would provide protection, possibly food, and tenure of land to his subordinates, in return for military services or agricultural remuneration. Contrary to their English counterparts, Japanese lords did not require an oath of fealty from their vassals in return for fiefdoms.
During the 1600s, English people were hoping to find new lives in the New England and Chesapeake regions. The motives of the residents of New England mainly came to the New World because of religious prosecution, and in the Chesapeake, people immigrated in order to make profits. New England colonies were close-knit and communal and in the Chesapeake, large plantations led to the rise of isolation among Chesapeake farmers. In New England, holding town meetings created the initial government, where in the Chesapeake, aristocrats created the House of Burgesses for limited politics. The profit of New England colonists came mainly from lumber, shipbuilding, fishing, and trading industries, but in the Chesapeake, an abundance of land and good soil led to an agrarian society.