Lake Mungo Essay

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Report – Lake Mungo Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Excavation 3 2.1 Method and excavation 3 2.2 Main results 5 3. Dating the past 5 3.1 Method 6 3.2 Results 7 4. Artifact analysis 8 4.1 Hearths 8 4.2 Stone tools 8 4.3 Human remains 9 5. Archaeological science 10 5.1 Methods 10 5.2 Conclusions 10 6. Making sense of the past 10 7. Bibliography 12 Figure 1: Plan of Mungo lunette (Shawcross, 1998) 4 Figure 2: Section of site B showing spit levels superimposed upon depositional features (Shawcross, 1998) 6 Figure 3 – Stratigraphic units and age ranges of sites (Bowler J. J., 2003) 7 1. Introduction Lake Mungo is located in the Mungo national park within the Willandra Lakes World Heritage region 110 kilometres north-east of Mildura,…show more content…
The nature of dating something from thousands of years ago is not an exact science. The norm would be the use of at least two or more sciences to confirm or refute ideas or results. 6. Making sense of the past The dating of Lake Mungo and its discoveries may never reach consensus but the importance of the finds is disputed by no-one. The dating of the human remains is vital in not only establishing the age of the first Australians, but gaining a sense of their culture and society. ‘The skeletons are by far the earliest evidence found anywhere in the world of human remains being interred with burial rites’ (Grose, 2003). From a cultural perspective this implies a complex society that respected its dead and had some sense of spirituality and notion of an afterlife (Grose, 2003). The evidence gained at Lake Mungo has put a time frame on the climate change that occurred around 50,000 years ago allowing the commencement of occupation. The human occupation peaked during drying of the climate over the next 10,000 years. Lake Mungo is also the source of the earliest example of Australian core tool and scraper
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