The test subjects showed to be impulsive, to be danger seekers, and rejected traditional values, had aggressive attitudes, as well as having the feeling of alienation. Those with positive emotionality did not have these emotions. Test results show that male and females who engaged in delinquency were more rebellious to conformity, behave impulsively rather than be cautious, and would more than likely take advantage of others. It is found that environment, such as family life; contribute to the development of antisocial behaviors and aggressions, thereby, creating a link between crime and
Social disorganization creates negative attributes of social control in racial or ethnic groups through normal convention means of unreliable support to enable individuals to resist from committing illegal actions. This type of dysfunctional aspect allows individuals to experience negativity within communities that reduces the desire or motivation factors needed to maintain social organization and conventional (contemporary) characteristics. Social disorganization is created by immoral dedication or partnership from community population
Underreporting occurs due to individuals being dishonest regarding their behavior, therefore causing an error in the research done. A possible solution to this limitation is focusing on observed behavior, and correlating the findings with the self-reporting behavior, therefore developing a conclusion that is more in-depth. Furthermore, Article 2 emphasized that other factors can influence self-labeling as a victim in relation to work-place bullying, not just anxiety and anger. In addition, discovering a moderation effect regarding negative acts of violence and self-labeling is hard to discover due to the psychological way an individual may experience an event. Lastly, Article 3 honed on the lack of variances of deviant behavior.
Furthermore, it’s very likely these people just choose to make this child suffer because of its predisposition. “Perhaps it was born defective, or perhaps it has become imbecile through fear, malnutrition, and neglect”. (Omelas, 260). In addition it seems as though the suffering imposed in this story is not to benefit the town but to benefit those who abuse the child through neglect and spectating. “One of them may come in and kick the child to make it stand up”.
This then lead for official statistics and the law enforcement to show a bias towards working class boys. This research shows how deviance only exists because people have decided to attach a label, thus the labelling theory is useful in explain how a deviant and criminal behaviour is classed as this. However, it fails to explain why some people certain crime and deviance in the first place before they are labelled. Also, as said in Item a ‘’deviant individuals are labelled when their actions are discovered and provoke reactions from society. However, this reaction will take differing forms, depending on how the nature of the action is perceived.’’ But as well as this, labelling theorists look at the effects and reaction it causes the individual to take.
It is useful for highlighting why, in the working class, those who cannot achieve in education, they then therefore suffer from status frustration and in this process turn to other people who also cannot achieve in this institution. Thus, explaining why deviance subcultures exist. This theory of status frustration is said to focus too much on utilitarian crime which is committed for material gain, but what it does not say much about is the explanation for why people commit non-utilitarian crimes like vandalism and assault. Cohen realised this and backed up this explanation by talking about alternative status hierarchy. When working class boys find that they cannot perform well in mainstream education, they look at the values of not only the education system, but the values in modern society and turn them upside down, by valuing the opposite.
Bullying does not just affect the victim, inadvertently; it affects everyone the victim is associated with too. Bullying should be seen as a crime because it ruins the targets chances at a normal and happy childhood, which everyone is rightfully entitled to, it destroys children’s and adolescents self-esteem, puts them into a depression, they may stop attending school which will in turn lower their grades, and it can even lead to self-harm and suicide. Usually children look forward to making friends at school and playing games with others, but if a child is bullied, they then become an outcast and slowly start reproaching socializing with society. The ones who have been bullied are usually the more subdued and quiet children. They probably do not speak in class or in a group and usually tend to avoid team sports and activities because they do not want to be chosen last.
The diagnosis that Randall McMurphy has is antisocial personality disorder. According to Mohr (2006), antisocial personality disorder display aggressive, irresponsible behavior that leads to conflicts with society and subsequent involvement in the criminal justice system, people with this disorder are often superficially charming, lack genuine warmth. Some ways to address character’s behavior could be psychotherapy as this focus on helping them gain control his anger and impulsive behavior by redirecting triggers and developing alternative coping strategies according to Hoeksema (2004). Secondly cognitive behavioral therapy could be use as a behavioral strategy which offers reinforcement for positive change; social skills and assertiveness training teach alternative ways to deal with frustration. Cognitive strategy will aid client to recognize and correct inaccurate internal mental, Townsend
It is generally assumed that substance abuse clients are products of a broken family structure and are prone to criminal behavior. Thus warranting the need for group facilitators to filter out most all and/or any negative energy and replace it with the positive. After-all the goal is to modify their behavior, what better way can one began to foster positive reinforcement then to provide the initial environment for such. However, there is always a chance that different claims and/or viewpoints can present challenges. For example, one might find that providing positive energy support for clients is not priority; thus, this can lead to more than just a difference of opinion.
Unfortunately, some parents are poor examples for their children and show their children bad behavior through example like gang and criminal activities. In some cases criminal behavior is all that people know and all they know is how to take from others and possibly harm or kill them in return to help them survive. It is clear that recidivism is also linked to substance abuse, and single-family