Labelling in Mental Health Disorders Essay

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How useful is a labelling system in the classification of mental health disorders? Critically discuss the advantages in terms of treatment and research, and disadvantages in terms of stigma and misunderstanding from the general public. In the nineteenth century people suffering from mental disorders were treated in asylums. In the same century scientific methodology and the classification of mental disorders through experimentation and observation started to see light. Emil Kraepelin was the first one to develop a classification system. He classified all mental disorders known at this time into thirteen categories. He did it by grouping the common aetiology and descriptive categories based on symptoms similarities. The descriptive diagnosis classification system that we are using today is the one devised by Kraepelin. (Schwartz 2000). Weir and Oie 1996 described the classification system as a functional, standardised and validated mean of grouping objects and phenomena. A mental health professional classify the disorder according to the patterns of behaviour, thought and emotion. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (text revision) (DSM- IV- TR) (American Psychiatric Association 2000) and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD- 10 – AM) (WHO 1992) was a product of research developed as the universal system of classification. An understanding of the system classification allows mental health professionals to communicate effectively and professionally to other health disciplines in participating collaboratively in the patient’s care, to contribute to clinical problem solving and in attributing appropriate therapy interventions (Clinton & Nelson 1996). The classification system has lots of benefits and limitations as well. Benefits of classification system include: * Reducing
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