Know the Main Stages of Child & Young Persons Development

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Unit 1 - Child & Young Persons Development 1. Know the Main Stages of Child & Young Persons Development Key Facts about Childhood Development Early childhood is the most important phase for overall development throughout the lifespan. Brain and biological development during the first years of life is highly influenced by an infant’s environment. Early experiences determine health, education and economic participation for the rest of life. Every year, more than 200 million children under five years old fail to reach their full cognitive and social potential. There are simple and effective ways for families and caregivers to ensure optimal child development. [pic] During early childhood (from the prenatal period to eight years of age), children undergo rapid growth that is highly influenced by their environment. Many challenges faced by adults, such as mental health issues, obesity, heart disease, criminality, and poor literacy and numeracy, can be traced back to early childhood. Every year, more than 200 million children under five years old fail to reach their full cognitive and social potential. Most of these children live in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. As a result of poor development, many children are likely to under-achieve in school and subsequently to have low incomes as adults. As adults, they are also likely to have children at a very early age, and provide poor health care, nutrition and stimulation to their children, thus contributing to the intergenerational transmission of poverty and poor development. Despite the overwhelming evidence, the health sector has been slow to promote early child development and to support families with appropriate information and skills. Early brain development Early childhood is the most intensive period of brain development during the lifespan. Adequate
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