Kinship in San Society

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Kinship Organization in the San Society The San society is a foraging society. Family, marriage and kinship, gender, and age are the key principles of social organization in foraging societies. People are related to each other either as consanguine, sharing a common ancestor, or as affine (what we call in–laws) through marriage. The way people are related is important in determining how they behave toward each other (Nowak & Laird, Sec. 3.7, 2010). The San society has what is called a nuclear family. A nuclear family is composed of a mother, father, and their children. This is the most common type of family in foraging societies because it is adaptive to various situations (Nowak & Laird, Sec. 3.7, 2010). Having nuclear families within a band, which is typically composed of a group of nuclear families with married children, makes it easier with sharing and cooperation. Marriage is an important factor in band societies. It strengthens the band by bringing in new kinships that can become useful in times of need. Many rules are put in place in the San society, regarding marriage, to ensure that bands are able to link together. These rules prohibit such things like marrying any relative who is a second cousin or closer. Neither can a man marry a woman who has the same name as his mother or siblings. San’s rely on new kinships in times of poverty or emergency so that they may have various options to call upon if they may need resources or a place to stay. In the San society marriage strengthens economic, political, and social links between bands. San girls usually oppose marriage because they are so young, and they are pressured by their parents to be married. In most cases the opposition is ignored and the parents force the girl into acceptance with the groom. When San’s are preparing for marriage, the groom usually moves in with the bride’s family. This
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