Kingship In Macbeth

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Kingship is defined as the dignity, rank or position of a king, the aptitude for kingly duties and to be ruled by a king. One of Shakespeare’s more interesting themes is the theme of kingship. Shakespeare's ideas towards kingship can be seen throughout the play. He shows that a king should be chosen by divine right and shows the attributes of what a good king should be. Kingship is developed in Macbeth through the presentation of three men. These men are Duncan, Malcolm and Macbeth. Each of these three characters demonstrates three different types of kingship, which evidently adds to the play Macbeth. In short, Duncan is presented as a saintly king and too trusting, Macbeth’s only way to rule is to deceive and manipulate others for personal gain and Malcolm’s character emerges as a good man and a good king. Even before the point of Duncan’s downfall, we see that Duncan is a good man but an incompetent king. Duncan is a kind man because he openly and graciously greets his nobles with praise. However, he is a poor leader because he did not fight along with his soldiers. Some might say that this is justified because Duncan is an old man, others may see this as a reason why Duncan should not serve a period of time as King. He is too trusting in his nobles which costs Duncan his life and country. During the second Forres scene, Duncan makes possibly the most reckless speech he could have made. This speech in turn costs him his life. Three terrible mistakes emerge in his speech and actions: he rewards unfairly; shows his emotions too freely; and again, he trusts too eagerly. Duncan rewards Macbeth with the title and land of the Thane of Cawdor, in addition he says that he will have greater rewards later in time, indicated by the words “I have begun to plant thee, and will labor to make thee full of growing.” While Macbeth gets many tangible gifts, Banquo simply

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