I gleaned many kinds of instruction from Janheinz Jahn’s classic text, Muntu; Chinua Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart; Man P. Merriam’s Congo: Background of Conflict; and Lumumba: The Last Fifty Days by G. Heinz and H. Donnay. I couldn’t have written the book at all without two remarkable sources of literary inspiration, approximately equal in size: K. E. Laman’s Dictionnaire Kikongo-Francais, and the King James Bible. I also relied on help from my lively community of friends, some of whom may have feared they’d breathe their last before I was
Carl Benn, the History Department chair at Ryerson University and author, used newspaper accounts, British military reports and person memoirs including Louis Jackson’s, the Captain of the Contingent, to give a accurate and credible account of this expedition. Benn has done extensive research on the Iroquois nation, most of which has been published in this and other books. Mohawks on the Nile is a depiction of an unusual episode of Mohawk history. However unusual it may be, Benn argues that… Purpose Thesis: Although the mission to rescue Major-General Charles Gordon was unsuccessful, without the assistance and navigation skills of the Mohawk boatmen, the British would not have been able to even reach Khartoum. The
Through the whole of Africa bringing trade opportunities for the British South African Company with it and the only way he saw this was possible was to colonise this land. However Rhodes was also politically motivated as he wanted to expand northwards from South Africa to forestall the Germans, as he wanted to make sure that the ascendency would be with the British and not the Germans after they colonised South East Africa he wanted to make sure that the Boers
Since the Congo was relatively unknown to most Europeans, Leopold II turned to Henry Morton Stanley, the man responsible for opening up Africa for colonization when he successfully crossed Africa from east to west. With Stanley’s help, it was possible for Belgium to colonize the central African country. Leopold II believed that a colony had to make money for the mother country. Unlike the other colonizing countries, he did not believe in investing in colonies to maintain them. For Leopold II, the end always justified the means, and the end was always money.
The Rise of Colonialism in Africa Between 1870 and 1900, Europe set out to colonize Africa for their raw materials. Africa was up against invasions of Europe's military and diplomatic pressures. This did not happen without a fight, and Africans were not happy about this attempt to be colonized. With the exception of Ethiopia and Liveria, Africa had been colonized by Europe by the early twentieth century. Europe wanted to set up and colonize in Africa, mainly because of Africa's raw materials it was purely economic.
Michael Podlogar History 2670 US, Africa and the Cold War 9/6/2010 Response Paper #1: Fanon, Nkrumah, and African Independence At first glance, Kwame Nkrumah and Frantz Fanon seem to be promoting very similar methods of decolonization in Africa. They both recognize that Western capitalists are continuing Africa’s dependence and oppressing the continent in order to extract maximum profits. However, upon further investigation, it becomes obvious that these two men endorsed separate schools of thought when it came to Africa’s future. Nkrumah foresaw Africa as an economic force equal to the West with the help of unity. Fanon studied the Western capitalists and came to the conclusion that their entire society was inherently non-African in nature.
These concepts, made by Europe, attempt to portray an even relationship between the two continents. Europe developed this ideology to justify its reasoning behind using Africa to become stronger. Simply put, the ideology of EurAfrica is an attempt at justification for colonialism. Although colonialism has surely been justified in many ways, it allows Europe to exploit Africa as
Ostensibly driven by an idealized notion of protecting colonial “natural resources”, the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871 stipulated punitive damages for acting against British colonial authority in an effort to further marginalize native rural groups and subsequently utilize their land. During the latter part of the 19th century, Britain’s imperial enterprise into India was stimulated by their burgeoning capitalistic society combined with the loss of hereditary land rights due to expanding factories for new markets. British colonial control in India subsequently relied on the idea of their own race as hereditarily superior to that of the natives, a belief known as environmental determinism, as first articulated by the French philosopher Montesquieu. Historian David Arnold argued that, “[For Montesquieu], everything from human physiology to religion and morality…was determined by topography and climate.” After arriving in India, the British colonists’ belief in environmental determinism painted the proverbial picture of these natives as unintelligent; the British saw their customary land practices as destructive to the natural environment and a waste of the resources that they needed to utilize to feed their growing industry. During the age of imperialism, the British had romantic notions of lush Indian forests filled with adventure that would whisk them away from the polluted cities in which they lived.
This need is commonly satisfied through the expansion of power, and in this case, Imperialism. Another common idea throughout history has been that because one nation is more civilized or successful than another, they seem to have the right to champion their ways throughout the world by taking over less powerful nations. The justification for this in Heart of Darkness, as said by Kurtz in his report to the International Society for the suppression of Savage Customs, is that “’by the simple exercise of our will we can exert a power for good practically unbounded’” (Conrad 92). These initial motives brought Europe into Africa, though both ideas set a scene for prejudice and suppression as Europe came to exert their power and obtain
Contents Introduction Chronology 11 14 Chapter 1: Background on Chinua Achebe 1. The Life of Chinua Achebe G.D. Killam In writing his seminal novel about Africa, Chinua Achebe established himself as the most prominent African writer of his generation. In all his work, Achebe has focused on dispelling the idealized images of his own people and depicting them as they live in the real world. 19 2. Chinua Achebe’s Philosophy of Fiction Jerome Brooks, interviewing Chinua Achebe Achebe recounts in an interview that his ﬁrst attraction to the art of storytelling was a result of the stories told in his home as a child.