Rosa Parks, Appellant VS City of Montgomery, Appellee Appealed to Court of Appeals of Alabama From: Circuit Court of Montgomery County Feb. 12, 1957 Affirmed--[illegible signature] Agreed Stipulation of Facts Attached hereto and marked Exhibit "A" is a plan of the seating arrangement of the bus on which the alleged violation occurred. There were thirty-six seats assigned for passengers. Just prior to the alleged
Brown v. Board of Education Script Narrator--- Labria Wallace Thurgood Marshall—Benshaw Flowers John Davis—Casteel Johnson NARRATOR: “This script was edited by the American Bar Association Division for Public Education from the full transcript of the 1952 and 1953 arguments in Brown v. Board of Education as published in Argument: The Complete Oral Argument before the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 1952-55, ed. Leon Friedman (New York: Chelsea House, 1969).” NARRATOR: On May 17, the United States will observe the 56th anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. With that decision came an end to the doctrine of “separate but equal” in public education, and the beginning of the effort to ensure that educational opportunities were available on equal terms to all United States citizens. Benshaw Flowers will be playing the part of Thurgood Marshall, the legendary head of the NAACP’s Legal Defense Fund and, later in his career, the first African American to sit on the United States Supreme Court. Casteel Johnson will be playing the part of John Davis, whose career highlights included serving in the Wilson administration, first as solicitor general and then as ambassador to the Court of St. James, running as the 1924 Democratic candidate for President, and.
Importance of Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King is a well-known, inspiring man, to all cultures of the world. He played an important role in the foundation of the Civil Rights Movement and his assassination had a huge impact on society. King was and still is one of the most influential heroes of our history. His views and beliefs helped African Americans through the 50's and 60's obtain the rights and liberties that were their birth right. Throughout all the obstacles he was faced with he was able to shed light on the situation and the treatment of African Americans.
1910 Jan 1st - Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs Jan 2nd - 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley Calif) Jan 3rd - British miners strike for 8 hour working day Jan 7th - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators sweep Galt (Ont) in 2 games Jan 10th - 1st international air meet in US held, in LA Jan 10th - Lunt-Fontanne Theater (Globe) opens at 205 W 46th St NYC Jan 13th - JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows," premieres in Dublin Jan 19th - Germany & Bolivia ends commerce/friendship treaty Jan 19th - National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress Jan 20th - Ottawa Senators sweep Edmonton in 2 for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1910) Jan 21st - British-Russian military intervention in Persia Jan 22nd -
What Impact did Martin Luther King Jr. have on the Civil Rights Movement? Good Morning Ladies and Gentlemen, I will be speaking about the impact that Martin Luther King Jr had on the Civil Rights Movement… Firstly I will very briefly say what it is…In the early 1900’s, blacks and sympathetic white people started a movement to achieve full political, economic and social equality for African-Americans. This… was the Civil Rights Movement. One of the main figures in influencing this whole movement was Atlanta born… Martin Luther King Jr. King is considered the most influential man and impacting figure in African-American history and even the world because of the message he sent out to people… It was a message of Christian Ethics and Non-violence through Inspiration and Motivation… He was a voice for blacks when they didn’t have one. He was a natural born leader and for this was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership conference and elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association that led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which was a key event.
1964: Johnson took over for JFK and the 24th amendment was passed which was the abolition of poll tax. Civil Rights Act of 1964 was established which banned discrimination based on race, sex, nationality, and religion in public and a project known as Freedom Summer registered African Americans as voters in Mississippi. Late that year, Johnson was elected as president. 1965: Malcom X was assassinated on February 21, and the Voting Rights Act, which eliminated discriminatory literacy rates making it easier for African Americans to vote. The first sustained
The freedom rides were when civil rights activists rode interstate buses into the southern US in 1961 to test the supreme courts decision of ruling segregation on interstate transport illegal. As soon as the riders hit Montgomery, they were mobbed and attacked by white southerners. Each of these actions showed the world that peaceful means were being used to try and gain true equality as well as including whites this meant the movement widened. The Albany campaign in November 1961 was recognised as a major defeat. Under William Anderson, a number of local black organisations were formed in an attempt to desegregate the city.
He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, when he was just 39 years old. His birthday is now observed as a national holiday on the third Monday in January. Martin Luther King Jr., pastor and civil rights leader, was put into jail after being part of the Birmingham campaign. King was serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and was asked by an Alabama group to come to Birmingham and participate in a "nonviolent direct-action program". He and members of his organization joined The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights and organized non-violent protests against racial segregation in Birmingham, Alabama.
Firstly, Martin Luther King’s campaigns for desegregation were mainly a success. The Montgomery bus boycott was King’s first major success; he became the leader of the civil rights movement after giving a spell bounding speech in a church where the boycott meeting was held. The end result of the 382 day campaign was the bus company and the city authorities finally accepting a Supreme Court decision (Browder v Gayle) that bus segregation was unconstitutional. As well as this, the lunch counter sit-ins in 1960 led to the desegregation of public facilities in cities all over the South. Furthermore success of the Birmingham campaign in 1961 and the March on Washington in 1963 (including the significant “I have a dream” speech) led to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act in 1964 and perhaps marked the high point of King’s career.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955 ‘‘My feet is weary, but my soul is rested’’ Mother Pollard The Montgomery Bus Boycott, Alabama was a one-year protest that started the The American Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks, regarded as an icon of the boycott was the one who sparked a crucial chapter in the history of the CRM. She refused to give up her seat to a white man on the bus and allowed that event to be used as the reason to commence the campaign not only against segregation on buses but the entire protest against racial segregation. The final outcome of the boycott was that the Supreme Court of the United States decided that racial segregation on buses was unconstitutional. Blacks who lived in Montgomery faced segregation in their everyday life.