After the Death of Cyrus, his son Cambyses took power and was later succeeded by Darius the Great who was the first to step into European land, the kings of Persia all had a role in conquering more than there predecessor and that’s exactly what Darius had in mind. Consequently this had Darius order his army to capture Scythia forwarding through Thrace. The Campaign was a tragedy for the Persians; the Persians were to retreat all the way to Thrace, leaving around 80,000 soldiers with the
By the time Alexander was 18 years old fought with his father, controlling the left wing of the army during the battle at Chaeronea. After the death of his father, Alexander became king of Macedon at the age of 20. Alexander wanted more power than just his own little kingdom of Macedon, he wanted the Persian Empire. In 335 BC Alexander marched his army from the South of the Persian Empire and conquered away. Many cities surrendered when they saw him
How did the Successor Kings attempt to legitimise their monarchies in the century following the death of Alexander the Great? After the unexpected and youthful death of King Alexander the Great in 323BC, the successor Kings that followed his reign only disjointed the once vast and resilient empire. The immediate successors after Alexander were called the Diadochi, and they were the first generation of military and political leaders after the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror, Alexander the Great in 323 (Botdford and Robinson). The six successors that are mentioned in this essay all took on the monarchy with different ideas, strategies, boundaries and goals. Legitimising their monarchies seemed extremely difficult after Alexander’s death, and after the standard he had set for the successors that followed his legacy.
The main events of the revolt fixed by Herodotus provide us with important information about Persian rule and the real reasons of Ionian revolt. At first sight, Ionian revolt was caused by the reasons, which can’t be called occasional. Ionian cities were first of all trade centers. The capture of Hellespont and Bosporus by Persians was fatal for the trade and the competition from the side of Phoenician merchants was becoming more and more threatening. Besides the economic damage, Ionian cities suffered from political pressure: in all the cities, ruled by Persians there were tyrants appointed.
Using his military genius, Alexander feigned to be intimidated by the vast army that Darius spread along a great plane, and appeared to retreat. Darius gave pursuit and was overcome by Alexander’s ploy to lead the large Persian army into a narrow area where the Persian numbers couldn’t be used effectively. Facing defeat, Darius had his army retreat. In the time
After King Cyrus of Persia overthrew the Median rulers in 550 BCE, the Persians successfully extended their realm in conquering Lydia (546 BCE), eventually pushing their boarders further eastward by crossing to the boarders of Macedonia in 513 BCE (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012). The defending Greek city-states were not united in their political systems,
In 331 B.C 1 Alexander defeated the Persian king at the battle of Gaugamela. Discuss the preparations made by Darius and Alexander before the battle, the tactics used by each commander and the reasons for Alexander’s success. What were the immediate outcomes for Alexander? The Battle of Gaugemela was ultimately one of the turning events in Alexander the Great’s short but tumultuous life. His decisive victory did not just come down to pure luck, however; both Alexander and his Persian opponent Darius had painstakingly made preparations in order to ensure that his numerical superiority could be used to its full advantage.
Spencer Raub P-4 Neuman Military History 9/13/14 Spartan Last Stand While there are many theories regarding Leonidas' choice to stay at the Thermopylae pass, many believe that it was most likely a strategic decision to prevent the Persian cavalry from running down the retreating army. Other historians believe that Leonidas’ stayed at the pass because he had an ultimatum to fulfill that was given to him by the Oracle at Delphi. The oracle had told Leonidas before he set out for battle that the sons of Persia will destroy everything he knows and loves or all of Sparta must mourn for the loss of a king. Many believe this had great influence on his decision to stay at the pass. But all in all what most historians debate is not why Leonidas stayed but whether or not his decision to stay was the overall right choice.
The Hellenistic Period When the Hellenistic Period emerges in 323BC, Alexander the Great is the reigning conqueror. His father, Philip of Macedon, had united the Grecian states and was driving back the Persian forces out of Asia Minor. As the pressure mounts, he is assassinated during a festival. Alexander succeeded his father’s leadership and
The film is based on the life of Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, who conquered Asia Minor, Egypt, Persia and part of ancient India. Shown are some of the key moments of Alexander's youth, his invasion of the mighty Persian Empire and his death. It also outlines his early life, including his difficult relationship with his father Philip II of Macedonia, his strained feeling towards his mother Olympias, the unification of the Greek city-states and the two Greek Kingdoms (Macedonia and Epirus) under the Hellenic League, and the conquest of the Persian Empire in 331 BC. It also details his plans to reform his empire and the attempts he made to reach the end of the then known world. The story begins 40 years after 323 BC, around 283 BC, with Ptolemy I Soter, who narrates throughout the film.