Kinetics Essay

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Why My Ceramic Teacup Rocks Ceramics can be described in two ways. The first way is through the eyes of an average person, who is more involved in the artistic world, would say that a ceramic is “a hard smooth object that is made out of clay or some other hard material”. However, through the eyes of a chemist, a ceramic is described as “Ceramics can be defined as heat-resistant, nonmetallic, inorganic solids that are (generally) made up of compounds formed from metallic and nonmetallic elements.” (2). While these two definitions appear to be different, they are in fact very similar. For without chemistry, the artwork that the average person describes would not be present. The reason why ceramic cups, vases, and other household items are so strong is because of the bonding between their molecules. Most of these items contain “oxides… but some are carbides…nitrides… borides…and silicides. For example, aluminum oxide can be main ingredient of a ceramic” (1) These oxides often form polar bonds because of the change of their different charges. These types of bonds are stronger because the elements are pulled together by strong magnetic charges instead of sharing their electrons like a covalently bonded molecule would. For example, if a person were to try to sculpt a cup out of sugar, it would fall apart as soon as someone tried to pout hot coffee in it. The bonds in the sugar are two weak and are not heat resistant. The intermolecular forces between those of the ceramic molecules are far stronger, and as a result, make for a much stronger teapot. What helps make ceramic art look so shiny and beautiful are the compounds within the polar bonds. As stated earlier, the compounds in a ceramic include oxides, carbides, nitrides, borides, and silicides. In a polar form, they bond with a metal. Metals can be identified as “shiny solids at room temperature” (3). Through

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