Many have come to the question: What were the contributing factors to the fail of the Roman Empire? Political downfall, social wrecking, economic destruction, and military confusion brought on the collapse of the Roman Empire. What was once a thriving republic that the public knew and loved turned into an unjust and corrupted empire and with it brought confusion. Julius Caesar, a military leader, had earned the support and trust of Rome and was appointed dictator. Caesar would later destroy what was left of the republic.
Whereas prior most plebeians were farmers or laborers who owned small but significant portions of property or earned adequate payment for their toils, upon the second Punic War, Hannibal destroyed this land, leaving plebeians homeless with little source of income. However, the cities inside Rome lent opportunity for both, and accordingly led to an inundation of migrations towards the cities. Farmland left behind was soon purchased by the wealthy, incensing the poor further, in addition to the increase in slavery and thus decrease in job opportunity. This condition, with a flood of enraged plebeians entering Rome, set the stage for further tumult. Civil war broke out in 133 BCE, as Tiberius Gracchus was elected tribune.
Political backbiting was and always would be a common trait in any system, but even the greatest of Romans like Scipio Africanus, was a victim to the whims of politicians. The social instability that resulted from inequities in the class system gave way to rise of demagogues like the brothers Gracchi. The use of the citizen assemblies for popular agendas tore at the very fabric of Senatorial power. The conflicts between these aristocratic leaders and their supporters engulfed the first century B.C.E. in political turmoil.
And to top it all off both of these empires fail for similar reasons. The Han Empire collapsed for reasons such as: undetermined emperors could no longer control powerful warlords, weak emperors let canals and roads fall into disrepair, because of the weak government people started to turn on each other and lose control. But the most important reason for the empire collapsing was because of the economic inequality. Burdened by heavy taxes and crushing debt many peasants revolted destroying the civilization. While this collapse took very little time to happen, the Roman Empire’s decline took about a century to occur.
Rome rose because they had a weapon called ‘enfranchisement.’ Rome was Italy’s capital in the territories of the Roman Empire citizens had rights and privileges, with good government, security and a good justice system (Roman-Empire.net). Rome was a republic, and was not governed by emperors, but was governed by the Roman senate. 3 The Roman army was a great success in
He stopped anyone who wished to invade China and subsequently doubled the size of China. He also punished anyone who got in his way in the homeland. He murdered many confucian scholars to keep his popularity. His punishments were very harsh and led to unpopularity among everyone, similar to the tang punishment. (Doc # 3).
All in all, Caesar’s failure is the limitation of age and ruling class. In the slave society, everything round the interests of slave owner. When new policies damaged the interests of slave owner, the reform was against and failed. The failure is inevitable. Therefore if I were Julius Caesar, after I won the civil war, I would use every means to kill those who did not agree with my thoughts, and consolidate my position in the country.
Various different leaders commenced into Rome who were very poorly educated and did not understand about economics or political duty. One of Rome’s worst tyrants was a leader called Commodus. He used military force to cause massacres and rule Rome. However, after Commodus there were many other selfish emperors who took thrown, that slowly caused the fall of the empire. Furthermore, the empire was recovered with substantial leaders such as of Diocletian, Constantine the great and Theodosius.
The collapse of the Roman Empire was a calamity; it leads to the Dark (Middle) Ages. Seeing all the bad that came of it, the destruction of art, the collapse of great cities, the deterioration of the system of roads, the ruin of the Mediterranean trade, and the loss of European unity--it's difficult to imagine any good came of it. But some good did result. The break up of the empire led to the abolition of slavery in Europe. Of course, this, in turn, led to more poverty and the increase of latifundia because the poor people lost their land to the aristocrats.
The Byzantine Empire, much like the Roman Empire, faced a formidable array of external enemies. However, it was largely internal decay which destroyed both empires. The political and economic stability of the empire by 1000 A.D. led to two lines of development which combined to trigger a pair of interlocking feedback cycles that, in turn, eventually wrecked the empire. First of all, there was the free peasantry upon which the government depended for taxes and recruits. When the empire had been under constant attack, land had been a poor investment.