Kidney Disease Essay

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Kidney Disease Causes of Kidney Disease High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney disease. Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure your heart generates in your arteries with each pulse. Too much pressure can damage your body's organs, leading to heart disease, stroke and worsening of kidney function. Hypertension causes damage by putting strain on the small blood vessels in the kidneys. This prevents the filtering process from working properly. If diabetes is poorly controlled, too much glucose can build up in your blood. The glucose can damage the tiny filters in the kidneys, which affects the ability of your kidneys to filter out waste products and fluids. Other Causes: * glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidney) * pyelonephritis (infection in the kidney) * polycystic kidney disease (an inherited condition where both kidneys are larger than normal due to the gradual growth of masses of cysts) * failure of normal kidney development in an unborn baby while developing in the womb * blockages, for example due to kidney stones or prostate disease Symptoms of Kidney Disease * weight loss and poor appetite * swollen ankles, feet or hands * shortness of breath * blood or protein in your urine (protein in your urine is not something you will notice as it can only be detected during a urine test) * an increased need to urinate, particularly at night * itchy skin * muscle cramps * high blood pressure (hypertension) * nausea * erectile dysfunction in men What is Kidney Dialysis? Dialysis is a form of treatment that replicates many of the kidney’s functions. Dialysis filters your blood to rid your body of harmful waste, extra salt, and water. There are two types of dialysis – haemodialysis and peritoneal

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