Key Points of Erikson's Life-Span Development Theory Essay

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Key Points of Erikson's Life-Span Development Theory Erickson's theory has 8 stages of development. In each stage we are confronted with a developmental crisis. Each stage has positive and negative sides. Stage 1: • Trust versus Mistrust(preschool) • first year of life • trust requires warm nurturing and care giving Stage 2: • Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt.(preschool) • Child gains trust in their care givers, they are in control of their emotions Stage 3: • Initiative verses Guilt (3-5 years) • Their social world is widening • Adults expect children to be more responsible • Children develop uncomfortable guilt feelings if they are irresponsible Stage 4: • Industry versus Identity ( elementary-school years) • Children take initiative which gives them new experiences. • Mastering knowledge and intellectual skills • Children enjoy learning new skills • Problems can arise developing a sense of inferiority and incompetence Stage 5: • Identity verses Identity Confusion (High School) • Trying to find themselves and what they want out of life • Encourage students to explore different paths • If not allowed to explore may develop identity crisis. Stage 6: • Intimacy versus Isolation (early adulthood) • Developing a relationship with a partner • Intimacy is finding yourself but not losing yourself in someone else • Hazards - Feeling of loneliness when you cannot find a partner Stage 7: • Generativity versus Stagnation: ( mid-adult ) • Generativity means transmitting something positive to the next generation. • Stagnation can happen when we feel we have done nothing to help the next generation Stage 8: • Integrity versus Despair ( Late Adulthood ) • If retrospective evaluations are positive they develop a sense of integrity • If they have mainly negative backward experiences they

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