The Chancellor was the chief executive member of the Reichstag, and commander in chief of armed forces, and was appointed by the President on the basis of party numbers, the ability of the individual, and the wishes of other members. The Chancellor could be removed by the President for misconduct or for breaching the terms of the constitution. The Chancellor and ministers were obliged to resign also in the event the Reichstag passed a vote of no confidence. The Chancellor was, in principle, the leading political and administrative civil servant but, in practice, became only a committee chairman during the early days of the Weimar constitution. Only with the rise of Adolf Hitler from 1933 did the Chancellor begin to employ the full powers contained within
The German Emperor has considerable powers, he had personal control over the armed forces and he could appoint and dismiss all ministers including the Chancellor. Secondly, the Federal Council (Bundesrat) represented the different states of the Empire. It had 58 members. It had the powers to change the constitution however no change could be made if the 14 delegated from Prussia did not approve. Thirdly, the parliament was elected by universal male suffrage and secret ballot.
What were the features of the Weimar Constitution? On the 31st of July 1919, after much debate, the Weimar Constitution was adopted. The first major change was the head of the state. Previously, in the old constitution, the Kaiser inherited his position, but now in the new Weimar constitution, the president was elected into his/her position, and could be re elected, by both men and women over the age of 20. The president was still a very powerful figure; he could block new laws by calling a referendum and could rule without the Reichstag in times of emergency (Article 48).
The President is elected by a voting process similar to those in Presidential systems. In order to become President in Russia, a candidate must receive 50% of votes or more. If this does not occur then the top two receivers of votes will have another election and the consequent winner becomes the President elect. In this type of system, the President acts as the head of state and with the approval of the Parliament he/she decides who should become the Prime Minister. The legislative power is instilled in the Federal Assembly,
How far do you think Russia had moved in the direction of a parliamentary system of government by 1914? A parliamentary system of government is where there is a government in which members of the cabinet are appointed from elected members of an assembly, and in order to remain in power, must hold the vote of the majority. Right from 1613, Russia had been an autocracy ruled by Tsars. The tsar had no limits on his power and one of the Tsars strongest supporters was the official State Church, the Russian Orthodox Church. The Tsar had advisers, but he was not bound to listen to their advice, and laws were made by imperial decree.
Hereditary members are those who inherit their status as from their family, non-hereditary members are chosen by the prime minister in recognition to their expertise to become life peers. In order to fully understand the purpose which the rules that govern the legislative powers of the Lords are set to achieve and other relevant aspects one must look back in history and consider how the House of Lords has changed since its creation and the reasons behind those changes. The process started during the reign of the Normans when king used to call the Magnum Concilium and the Curia Regis to discuss national affairs. The Greater council was made up of ecclesiastics, noblemen and representatives of the counties. Its main function was to approve taxes proposed by the Crown; it developed legislative powers as those who were taxed gained representation gradually.
This report will explain one selection process which describes each stage of the process. It will identify to which level of government it relates and explanation will be detailed. Also report will explain detailed comparison of points that compares the election process for UK general election and European election. General Elections General election in the UK is parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch. Queen or King is a head of state, but they don’t have much power and prime minister is head of government.
equally important is the election of the president at the time of the assembly election. The head of the government is head of state: Whereas in pre-parliamentary monarchies the head of state was also the head of the government, in the presidential system it is the head of the government who becomes at the same time head of state. The president appoints heads of departments who are his subordinates: In parliamentarism the prime minister appoints his colleagues who together with him form the government. In presidential systems the president appoints secretaries, who are heads of his executive departments. The
Most of the time and the most argumentative disputes revolved around the composing and election of the senate, how "proportional representation" was to be defined (whether to include slaves or other property), whether to divide the executive power between three persons or divest the power into a single president, how to elect the president, how long his term was to be and whether he could stand for reelection, what offenses should be impeachable, the nature of a fugitive slave clause, whether to allow the abolition of the slave trade, and whether judges should be chosen by the legislature or executive. The stated goal of the Convention — the revision of the Articles of Confederation — was quickly cast-off, and attention given to more competing concepts. Discussion turned instead to the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan, and how new government should be formed from the two.The Virginia Plan was favored by the big states. It pictured a bicameral legislature with both houses having membership relative to population.
Discuss the sources of prime ministerial power and explain in what ways it can be limited (25 marks) The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is customarily the leader of the party with a majority in the House of Commons or, as is currently the case, the leader of the largest party in a coalition and therefore is the leader of Her Majesty's Government. The sources of prime ministerial power are Royal Prerogative, the individual abilities, qualities and circumstances of, or pertaining to, the Prime Minister, and that of the office of Prime Minister. Royal Prerogative is a series of powers and responsibilities which initially (and legally still) belonged to the Monarch but after the Glorious Revolution of 1688, placing the powers to declare war, form treaties and bestow patronage, such as appointing Peers to the House of Lords and promoting and demoting Civil Servants. Each Prime Minister wields a set of powers unique to themselves, based upon their charisma, personality, intelligence and popular mandate or lack thereof. Tony Blair was a charismatic man, a clever ‘spin doctor’ and after each election he also possessed a large mandate which allowed him to dominate his cabinet for some time.