Kebuka! Summaries

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Introduction Author Baruti re-evaluates what the world has taught African-Americans about our earliest beginnings and how they force us to forget, and eliminate from our mines what actually happened and what our ancestors actually went through. He states that people feel as though that not looking back to these brutal events, makes the situation seem as though they never happened. People of today know that looking back at these horrible activities makes African Americans upset, and in sight of revenge. Knowing that the pain and torture African-Americans went through was wrong, the process of elimination is the best route. Some African-Americans have been fed the lies of our past being non-existent so many times that they begin to convince themselves that what they’ve been told is a lie as well. Baruti states that there is naturally no such thing as an African American, he believes that one cannot be both “Afrikan” and “European”, due to the fact that the afrikan and European ways are irreconcilably incompatible. The chapter outlines what the author believes to be a universal truth. This states that a person must know their origins and practice their traditions in order to be themselves. If not, they lose themselves in another’s vision of reality. The author also discusses where the title of the book “Kebuka!” comes from and what exactly it means in Africa sa well as to himself as a person. He states that the word “Kebuka” is a Kikongo word meaning to “remember”. He insists that the word says that one must struggle to remember and use that memory to rebuild their future in line of the ancestral traditions. Chapter 1: Beginnings The author first touches on a song by the O’Jays called “Ship Ahoy”, that was released about 30 years ago and states that the song was in reference to our ancestors who lived and died on the high seas of our Maafa, the name that us Africans

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