Karl Marx Essay

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Comparing and Contrasting Theoretical Frameworks Part 1. Main Features of Three Theoretical Frameworks Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Pierre Bourdieu all have of their own perspectives about analyzing social class. Firstly, Marx, Weber, and Bourdieu, all agree that the problem social class refers to the issues of social relations which determine the economic inequality that occurs on a global scale. Although their beliefs of social class’s existence are the same, they have many different opinions about the way social class works. In the following paper I will be explaining the way Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Pierre Bourdieu classify social class and compare it with the characters from the PBS Documentary People Like Us. Marx's view on social class came from the two main classes which were taking place during the 1850’s. The two classes he speaks about are the capitalists and the proletarians. Capitalists paid wages to workers because they had the authority over the working class. He explained the capitalists to be the minority and the proletarians to be the majority. Marx's view about the class issue came from the limited power the working class had and therefore, was the reason for being “exploited.” Marx's also talks about class consciousness which refers to the awareness of the status that both the workers and owners have. Max Weber on the other refers class to the economic interests and involves groups that share the common set of life chances and circumstances. Max Weber on the other hand focuses on the differences between social classes. For example, he mentions unions that were being produced. These unions existed to create a collective agreement amongst workers. The rule of bureaucracy also came into an effect which was formed to help gain positions for the unemployed society. Marx speaks about the class warfare between each other while Weber speaks about the

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