Unit 3 Assignment Professor Robinson Megan Faust CJ233: Forensic Psychology Psychologists are very important elements of the legal system because of the many roles they play. Psychologists most commonly perform roles such as advising attorneys on cases, providing research, consulting on trials and jury selection, testifying as expert witnesses, and evaluating trials. However psychologists do not just play an important role in the courtroom setting. Psychologists are also often used by law enforcement, corrections, and even in university settings. Most commonly, in criminal cases these psychologists play big roles in course a trial takes and its outcome.
While criminals get more creative, the criminal justice system and the forensic science specialists have to update the techniques and tools that are used while obtaining evidence for the new crimes. Furthermore, medicine and technology are vital tools for the forensic science department to use to help explain the actions of the criminals. Using the results of the crimes it’s essential for law enforcement agents because they are given the power to help convict an individual as well as the prevention of future crimes. The origin of this type of science cannot be accurately pinpointed however, according to writer H.J. Walls’ in his article “Whiter Forensic Science’’ it started as a hobby of a few scientists who liked to become mixed up in the proceedings of the police and enjoyed the kind of problems this association brought them (Walls 32).” Another writer Cowan in his article “Decision Theory in Law, Science, and Technology” The aim of science, traditionally put, is to search out the ways in which truth may become known.
Sample introductions from first-year essays (psychology) Essay title: Compare and contrast, using examples, how ‘knowing’ something has a different meaning for a psychologist compared to a member of the lay public. Introduction 1: According to the Heinemann English Dictionary, ‘knowing’ something simply means ‘to understand’. However, before actually looking at the difference between knowing something as a lay person and as a psychologist, it is paramount to establish what psychology actually is. The definitions of psychology have changed over its lifetime; nonetheless, it is considered a science which looks at part of human behaviour. Introduction 2: There are many facts in life that all people will lay claim to ‘knowing’.
In the world of forensics the scientific method the scientific method allows everyone in the case to be objective, unbiased, and gives him or her critical thinking skills. When investigating a crime, it is important for investigators to observe the crime, create a hypothesis of the crime, test their hypothesis of the crime, and reach conclusions about their theory of the crime. Criminal Investigation and the Scientific Method The scientific method is a very innovative way of conducting a criminal investigation. It helps the investigator to use his or her critical thinking skills to solve the mystery at hand. Through the four steps of the scientific method an investigator can put the pieces together and solve the investigation in a thorough and complete fashion.
There are several definitions brought forward by different psychology bodies and psychologist the world over all in an attempt to give forensic psychology a firm, definate and all encompassing definition. A few definitions are: 1. “Forensic psychology” means all forms of professional psychological conduct when acting, with definable foreknowledge, as a psychological expert on explicitly psycholegal issues, in direct assistance to courts, parties to legal proceedings, correctional and forensic mental health facilities, and administrative, judicial, and legislative agencies acting in an adjudicative capacity. * ‘Speciality Guidelines for Forensic Psychologist’ Law and Human behaviour Vol 16 No 6 1991. 2.
The Role of Police Psychologist Police psychology is the application of behavioral science and mental health principles to the concerns of police officers, their families, the department, and the community. The field of police psychology has expanded dramatically. Police psychologists usually play many roles within a law enforcement agency and perform a wide range of functions. They focus their activities on one of three primary groups: (1) the functional work units within law enforcement agencies such as homicide investigations, hostage negotiation teams, patrol divisions, family services, personnel divisions, and so on; (2) police employees; and (3) applicants to the various entry-level, promotional, and specialty positions in law enforcement settings. As a police psychologist, I am part of an investigation into the homicide of a high profile community member, the mayor.
Professional Ethical Standards of a Crime Scene Investigator Renee’ A. Alexander ADJ 235 June 18, 2011 Timothy P. Kelly, Jr. A criminal justice job that I have always been interested in and have considered was a crime scene investigator. Yes the many television shows that involve these types if jobs make it seem interesting and fun, but I actually believe that this is something that I really could do. A crime scene investigator is responsible for taking a crime scene no matter how complex it may be and figure out what happened based on the evidence found. They use many different types of equipment to research and analyze the area a crime has occurred and get the answers needed. They must follow very precise and orderly protocol when collecting or gathering evidence from the crime scene so it can be tested, and get the best results.
Challenges that are facing Policing in the 21st Century Introduction Policing is a practice of controlling and maintaining law and order in a region or area, by the use of the police forces. This is a very significant practice that has been used for so many years. According to Robins (1), policing rests at the core of every system of criminal justice that is effective. During this 21st century, the departments of police are faced with a growing array of challenges apart from the usual responsibilities of response to situations of emergencies and crime investigation. It has to keep up with the current developments in forensic science while addressing issues like organized crimes, terrorism activities and cyber-crime among others.
Clinical Psychology, Organizational Psychology and Ethics Katelyn Martin The University of Newcastle Abstract To practice as a registered psychologist there are several education and training requirements in Australia. The 4 + 2 pathway is the most popular and is accredited by the Australian Psychological Society and The Australian Accreditation Council. Although there are many branches of Psychology the two that this essay will focus on are Clinical Psychology and Organizational Psychology, both of which are represented by APS Colleges. The ethical Vignette toward the end is an example of what you could be faced with as a Clinical Psychologist while in the supervision section of becoming registered or even as a fully qualified and experienced psychologist. Clinical Psychologists are involved in research, teaching and supervision, program development and evaluation, consultation, public policy, professional practice, and other activities that promote psychological health in individuals, families, groups, and organizations.
The Career Journey of a Potential Psychologist: What does it take? Name University of the Virgin Islands Psychology can be seen as “the study of mind and behavior in relation to a particular field of knowledge or activity” (Merrian-Webster, 2011). The study of Psychology can be seen as essential in the career arena seeing that it focuses on the observation of human thoughts and behavior patterns with in society. Psychology is a remarkably diverse subject which is why there are many branches of psychology, from Industrial Psychology to Educational Psychology (Types of Psychology , 2011) . While psychological knowledge is regularly refer to the evaluation and treatment of mental health issues, it is also applies to comprehending and solving problems in various spheres of human activity.