School of Arts & Social Sciences James Cook University Cover Sheet for Assignments Subject Code: CY3002 Assignment: 1 Title: The Juvenile Justice and other Acts Amendment Act 2009 recently reviewed Queensland’s Juvenile justice Act 1992, and put in place a range of reforms designed to ensure that the states youth justice system would remain robust enough to”.. meet community expectations of the justice system, ad address the underlying causes of crime”. What were the main amendments made to th said 1992 Act and critically discuss whether the Queensland government was justified in doing so. Due Date: 21-6-2011 Lecturer’s Name: Dr. Mark David Chong Tutor’s Name: Student’s Name: Therese Dornonville JCU Student Number: 11462277 Declaration 1) This assignment is my original work and no part has been copied from any other person’s work or from any other source except where acknowledgement has been made. 2) I hold a copy of this assignment and can produce a copy if requested. 3) This assignment has not been written for me by any other person.
I think it is wrong and if you do the crime you should serve the time. The punishment should be given and serve for the crime you committed. Youth Service Bureaus was recommended by the President Commission and begun in California during 1971, it similar in concept to New York original Youth Council Bureau but many operate as adjuncts to local police departments which offer counseling, tutoring, crisis intervention, job assistance and guidance for truants, runaways, and delinquent youths dealing with school and family problem. Youth programs are good which teaches youth to deter from criminal activities, to get an education and to help with family problems. There should be more mentors for young children to young adult to guide them in the right direction and to teach them that education and
Presley, C. A., Meilman, P. W., & Lyerla, R. (1993). Alcohol and drugs on American college^ campuses:Use, consequences, and perceptions of the campus environment. Vol. 1:1989-91. Cooper, M. L. (1994). Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: Development and validationof a four-factor model.
The essay will be looking at these risk factors and their effects with particular reference to the Youth Justice System, in addition to other agencies. The essay will then go on to examine some studies conducted into risk factors, including Farrington’s work. It will also look at any policies or procedures that have been introduced as a result of the perceived importance of risk factors, such as …………, before endeavoring to decide how valuable the use of risk factors can be in the management of young offenders. Risk factors can be simply defined as those variables which may predict an “increased probability of later offending” (Kazdin et al., 1997, cited in Newburn, 2007, p.841). The Youth Justice Board, one of the major bodies involved in working with youth offenders, state that they are “working to prevent offending and reoffending by children and young people under the age of 18” (Justice, 2012).
Finally, the paper will conclude with a discussion on how the programs work to reduce juvenile crime based on an analysis of the relationship between program premise and goals, and one or more major causes of juvenile delinquent behavior. To examine juvenile crime causation one must consider the various reasons behind the delinquent acts. The ideological schools of thought present various motivations. Classical, psychological, and biological theories attempt to explain the core reasons juveniles commit status or violent crimes. A juvenile status offense refers to illegal conduct committed by a minor.
Crime Causation and Diversion Toni Rowe CJA/374 June 4, 2012 University of Phoenix Crime Causation and Diversion Diversion is “an attempt to divert, or channel out, youthful offenders from the juvenile justice system” (Bynum and Thompson, 1996:430). The concept of diversion is based on the theory that processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more harm than good (Lundman, 1993). The basis of the diversion argument is that youth that commit petty crimes should be handled outside of the juvenile system and be sent to a program. The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice is an organization whose mission is to reduce society’s reliance on incarceration as a solution to social problems. This program is nonprofit and provides help to someone that is facing prison time, t educates the public about what effects prison has on a person, and it provides assistance to other jurisdictions that would like to establish programs for offender populations.
The question over which approach, if either, ultimately takes precedence, is one which has been continuously debated and a question I aim to explore in the following essay. I will first briefly look at how policy with in the youth justice changed over time. The progression of social policy in regards to the youth justice system can be traced back to the year 1908 when “Parliament fully recognised the desirability of making special arrangements to cater for criminal cases involving young offenders”(Gibson. B, 1999, p.9); it was then that 'juvenile courts' were put into place by The Children Act 1908, referred to by Lord Justice Thomas as the policy's “greatest achievement” marking “key” augmentations in the youth justice system (Lord Justice Thomas, 2009). The separation between young offenders and their “older counterparts” (Gibson.
(OJJDP 1994). Intensive supervision programs contain a wide range of programs and plans for the juvenile. Although ISP’s are used more commonly in the adult correctional system, ISP’s programs are aimed at the more serious offenders are being welcomed as an option in the juvenile justice systems throughout the country. According to the OJJDP, “The definition of juvenile offender varies among programs. For example, the chronic juvenile offender refers to the individual who began his or her delinquent career at an early age, has numerous minor offenses and for whom regular probation has been ineffective.” They believe that the ISP’s can work for those juveniles who have committed more serious but nonviolent offenses as well.
November 21, 2011 Accountability within the Juvenile Justice System Criminal Justice Abstract: Administration of the juvenile justice system has made remarkable changes in the processing and treatment of juvenile offenders. Police officers play dual roles of crime fighter, public servant, and using the proper discretion in handling juveniles. Officers are also faced with the epidemic of juvenile crime rates rising due to the reckless use of firearms. Courts have made significant changes in administering justice to juveniles moving from a once brutal and ineffective system to now fostering the idea of rehabilitation and appropriate sentencing. Courts are challenged with an array of factors in establishing an effective system of justice for juveniles that holds juveniles accountable as well as prepares them for reintegration into society as productive citizens.
2% of all persons executed. Roper vs. Simmons ruled that the death penalty for juveniles is a disporcinate punishment for offenders under the age 18 anf therefore a violation of the 8th amendment against cruel and unuasual punishment...now has come to an end. Approximately 60% of juvenile offenders return to prison within 3 years after their release. Assignment: I think in some cases depending on how serious the crime was or other circumstances then juveniles should be granted right to a jury trial and be treated similar to how adult offenders would be treated in the justice system. I think in some ways its and advantage because it will help place habitual or serious offenders out of the community and into some other placement to get treatment.