Juvenile Justice System: Punishment Vs. Rehabilitation

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Punishment vs. Rehabilitation Juvenile’s who come from poor communities, fail at school, and have family members who are involved in the adult justice system are at a higher risk of becoming involved in the juvenile justice system than a juvenile who is from a wealthy community, does well at school, and have family members that are not involved in the adult justice system. Most juvenile who are involved in the juvenile justice system are victims of outside influences that are to be blamed for the juvenile’s delinquency. Now that the juvenile is beginning to show acts of crime the justice system needs to show the juvenile a different way to live. The juvenile justice system will never show progress if the focus was to punish the juveniles instead…show more content…
In the adult justice system the outcome of being found guilty of a serious crime is always a form of punishment, but the juvenile justice system will typically retain the option of a rehabilitative sentence (Steinberg, 2001). Rehabilitation will lower the risk of juvenile offenders reentering the juvenile or adult justice system. The results will be less money being spent in the justice system and a safer community for everyone. The ultimate goal of the justice system is to protect society from criminal’s rehabilitating these criminals is the most important way to provide that service to society. During the nineteenth century, the treatment of juveniles in the United States started to change. Social reformers began to create special facilities for troubled juveniles in large cities. The reformers who supported these institutions sought to protect juvenile offenders by separating juveniles from adult offenders. Also the facilities focused on rehabilitation and tried to help young offenders avoid a future life of crime. The early juvenile courts shared with reform schools the same desire to rehabilitate rather than punish juvenile offenders. The juvenile justice system took the parental role to focus on the best interest of the child. The informal and flexible approach to cases and there were few procedural rules that the courts were required to…show more content…
The way the juvenile justice system can decrease the rate of returen offenders is to rehabilitate them. The disadvantage to rehabilitation is that more money will need to be invested into the programs to provide proper staff the has the appropriate knowledge needed to analys and treat juvenile offenders. Though the initial cost will burden the justice system, overtime the justice system will save money and accomplish the goal of protecting society. One major disadvantage is convincing society to give the juvenile offenders a second chance. Some crime are committed that society want to see the juvenile be locked up and the key to be thrown away. This mentality makes rehabilitation programs hard to be supported and punishment seem almost manditory. The fact is that juveniles need the second chance because an adult life is much longer than an adolesent life and adolesents make mistakes out of emotion not logic. When a juvenile commits a crime and experiences no remorse there are big issues that juvenile is dealing with hat a juvenile should not have to deal with at that age. Once an adult the justice system should hold the offender responsible for his or her actions and punishment should be

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