Juvenile Deliquency Essay

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Juvenile Delinquency Jamiela Flournoy CJA/204 November 25, 2013 Chris Cannon Juvenile Delinquency “In its simplest definition, crime is any specific act prohibited by law for which society has provided a formally sanctioned punishment” (Roberts, 2013). Crimes that are considered juvenile are crimes that are also committed by an adult. Crimes such as robbery, murder, rape, larceny, battery, or any other crime that an individual can be tried and convicted for is considered a juvenile crime. They are put into categories of misdemeanors and felonies just as an adult, but dependent upon the age of the child will determine the punishment of the crime. Prior to the development of juvenile courts children were treated and housed with adult offenders. Children were even tried and convicted to the death penalty for criminal acts that they had committed. “Reformers concerned about the harsh treatment of children urged the establishment of a separate court system for juveniles” (Roberts, 2013). The development of juvenile courts for those children that found themselves in an uncompromising condition was to help the child(ren) to receive guidance versus being punished. “Before the establishment of juvenile courts, children under the age of seven were never held responsible for criminal acts” (Roberts, 2013). A child at this time was too young to understand the concept of criminal activity, and was held at a lower standard than those of an adult. Although children between the ages of 7 and 14 were not seen as being capable of committing a crime or understanding the intent could also be deterred by proving that the child would know that harm would occur. “Children over the age of 14 could be charged with a crime and handled in the same manner as an adult” (Roberts, 2013). Every state sets an age limit on when considering treating a juvenile as an adult

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