The Overall Decrease in Juvenile Arrests Overall Review Data from 2008 shows that juvenile arrests for violent crime declined between 2006 and 2008. According to Puzzanchera (2009) “In 2008 there were 2.11 million juvenile arrests, which is 16% lower than the arrests in 1999” (p.3). In 2008 juvenile arrests for forcible rape was at an all time low since 1980, aggravated assault arrests were also at its lowest since 1988. However, juvenile arrests for murder were at its low in 2004, but increased from 2005 to 2007. Further, the Property Crime Index decreased by 20%, larceny-theft by 17%, murder by 5%, motor vehicle theft by 50%, and burglary by 14% (Puzzanchera, 2008).
The juvenile arrest rate for each of these offenses has been declining steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 70% and manslaughter arrest rate fell 40% from its 1993 peak through 2001. (Snyder, 2003) More specifically, “juveniles were involved in 10% of murder arrests, 14% of aggravated assault arrests, 31% of burglary arrests, 24% of robbery arrests, and 23% of weapons arrest in 2001” (Snyder, 2003). In addition, there were significant decreases in juvenile arrests for property crimes in 2001, which reached its lowest level since the 1960s and juvenile arrest rates for burglary declined 66% between 1980 and 2001. Female Juveniles and Crime The National Center for Juvenile Justice
In 2007 analysis said that Detroit officials noted about 65 to 70 percent of homicides in the city were confined to a narcotics catalyst. Now days there are way too many shootings going on over the stupidest things. A lot of our young men in today’s society are getting their lives taken a young age. People are fearful much more than back then in our metro Detroit area because the violence and death rates continue to go up. Every day you hear of a young male getting shot/killed or a young woman getting abused then killed.
In recent years, the average age for first arrest has dropped significantly, and younger boys and girls are committing these crimes. Between 60-80% of adolescents, and pre-adolescents engage in some form of juvenile offending .These can range from status offenses (such as underage smoking), to property crimes, to violent crimes. The percent of teens who offend is so high that it would seem to be a cause for worry. However, juvenile offending can be considered normative adolescent behaviour . This is because most teens tend to offend by committing non-violent crimes, only once or a few times, and only during adolescence.
It seem population density is to deter crime but that is not truly true because it seem that high density it offer a perfect oppuorunity for property crime . Property crime is about 1/3 out of all crimes that occur. Property crimes has include the follow crimes thefts, larceny, burglary, robbery,sort lifting, arson and vandalism. The statistic has shown that property crime have fell major about 32 percent in a ten year period. Property crime rate , “of 135 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2008 was lower than the rate of 147 per 1,000 households in 2007” and it was 248 attempted or completed property crimes per 1,000U.S.
An initial descriptive analysis then was applied to estimate the statistical influence of various demographic, offense and risk/need factors on recidivism. Data analyses were performed using Statistical Analysis System (SAS) software. This study had numerous great suggestions to who are the youths recidivating and what are they doing to be a recidivist. The study found that of Missouri's 648,648 youth aged 10-17, 15,910 of them juvenile offenders in the calender year of 2007. Of those 15,910 around 26 percent re-offended with a new law violation within one year.
Most people though don’t realize this and automatically think because of the color of their skin that they are a lost cost. The Juvenile Justice System is becoming more bias when it comes to sentencing minorities over Caucasians and we should not care about the color of their skin, but the crime that was committed. There are more than 2,500 juveniles in the United States that are serving life without the possibility of parole. Most of these juveniles come from backgrounds that most Americans don’t hear about. The juveniles’ age range from 13-16 years old and most are African American.
How Homelessness and Drug Use Affects Crime Rate Crime is on the rise. Drug use is on the rise. Homelessness is on the rise. Jails and prisons are overcrowded and big city neighborhoods are being abandoned by families moving to smaller cities. Crime in the United States increased by 15 percent last year, and property crime was up by 12 percent according to a recently released government survey (Durden, 2013).
Criminal involvement usually starts around the age of fifteen, and people who become criminally involved before the age of fourteen most likely end up having the longest criminal records and most persistent crime rate (Carmichael). In the last fifteen years, the rate of violent crimes among youth has increased by 30% (Carmichael). The most effective way to reduce youth crime is to steer adolescents away from criminal activities before they become too heavily involved. There is strong evidence that organized sports programs can reduce the likelihood of teen’s committing crimes (Travis). Organized sports help to keep teens out of trouble by taking up time that could otherwise be used to cause mischief, give teen’s higher self-esteem, and give them an opportunity to meet new people with a positive influence.
The study conducted by (Fox, 1996) shows the pronounced increased role in male homicide problem, who are aged 14-24. Although males are 8% of population, they commit 40% of the murders. Homicide is now reaching down to a much younger age group (Fox, 1996). The age characteristics of juveniles indicated that the rate of violence among males between the ages of 15 to 17 according to Tatem-Kelley et al. (1997) as rated in violence committed (2015).