About 1,900 people under 21 die every year from car crashes involving underage drinking. i) Young people are more susceptible to alcohol-induced impairment of their driving skills. ii) Drinking drivers aged 16 to 20 are twice as likely to be involved in a fatal crash as drinking drivers who are 21 or older. iii) For every 100,000 Americans under the age of 21, 1.4 people were killed in drunk driving fatalities in 2010 iv) The rate of fewer than 21 drunk driving fatalities per 100,000 populations has declined 48% over the past decade. v) In 2009, 11 percent of all drivers involved in fatal crashes were young drivers 15- to 20- years old.
The number of theft of motor vehicle offences recorded in 2010/2011 (14,370) was 4.6% lower than the 15,068 recorded in 2009/2010, continuing a downward trend that has been seen over the past decade. Despite this trend, an increase of 11.8% was seen in theft of number plates, which was the most common type of property stolen. Drug offences In 2010/2011 there were 14,789 drug offences recorded, an increase of 0.9% compared with 2009/2010. There was an increase of 4.4% for possession or use of drugs, but a decrease of 7.1% for the cultivation/manufacture or trafficking of drugs. Cannabis was the most common type of drug found in both possess/use offences and cultivation/manufacture/trafficking offences.
The murder rate has done more increasing than decreasing over the last few years. In 2009 Philadelphia ended the year with 406 murders, about 70% of them went unsolved. As time passed the murder rate only decreased by a few people. Murders weren’t the only thing that increased, in 2008 the cities rape rate went high it reached a maximum of 1,038 cases. The lowest the city had in the past few years was in 2009, it ended with 896 cases.
Give an account of the issues that arise when we consider patterns of offending in relation to age Crime in terms of age is a significant problem especially youth crime which has increased greatly between the 1950s and 1970s, although we must not ignore adult crime. Farrington in 1994 stated that “the majority of teenage offenders have a relatively short criminal career ahead of them, in contrast to the average 30 year-old offender who has a longer career remaining”. Around a third of all men have committed a crime by the age of 35 contrasted with 8 per cent of women. It has been identified that certain offences decline as people get older and certain offences increase. We are not as aware of adult crime in the sense that a lot of it is not made public, such as violence, domestic violence, sex abuse and white collar crime.
In addition, it is believed that as many as half of all burglaries go unreported, which might account for the low clearance average clearance rate of 14 % in the U.S. A significant factor related to the low clearance rate is that about 65 percent of residential burglaries investigated do not produce enough evidence or information about the crime, therefore making it one of the most difficult crimes to solve (Weisel, 2004, p. 1). The official rate of residential burglary, as measured by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR) has changed dramatically over the last 50 years. Burglary rates increased in the United
• In an average classroom of 20 children, there are most likely at least three children who are either victims or bullies. • One-half of motor vehicle accidents involving adolescents are associated with alcohol and other drugs. Methodology: This is a Quantitative study providing seemingly countless statistics, percents, and relationships between children and the “critical issues” they face today. Findings: Although poverty rates have gone down in the last 15 years, with the recent economic downturn, it is anticipated that we will again experience significant increases in children living poverty. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that children, adolescents, and young adults are disproportionately affected by violent injury and death.
Problems with treating youth sex offenders the same as adult sex offenders .Compared with youth committed to a juvenile facility, a child sentenced to serve time in the adult system spends his/her formative years in a prison environment where he or she is: twice as likely to be beaten by staff, 50% more likely to be attacked with a weapon, and nearly eight times more likely to commit suicide. Treating youth in the juvenile justice system rehabilitates them more effectively, reduces recidivism, and saves taxpayer money. (Ryan, Leversee, and lane ) Age of consent laws can unfairly criminalize adolescent behavior. Almost all sexual behavior by children who are below the age of consent is against the
Since this policy has been implemented, juvenile arrest rates for violent crimes have decreased: In 1999, the percentage of all juveniles arrested for violent crimes fell to an 11-year low. This policy showed that if you treat violent juveniles as adults it sends a message that age does not excuse them from facing the consequences of their
The study also showed that on average these offenders only served 3 ½ years of their 8 year sentence. Among the group of 9,691were 18 people sentenced to life terms which none of them served. It also showed that the numbers of sex offenders compared to non sex offenders released from prisons are 4 times more likely to be arrested for a sex crime (Langan). Some may suggest that the punishment against first time offenders are pretty rough as is. For starters, they are banned from living within 2000
This number is astonishing and it only deals with the most violent crime, murder. With these kind of numbers it would be impossible to try and analyze all violent acts that are related to illegal drugs. Secondly, is the corruption that it brings upon our adolescents of all ages and in all areas. The U.S. government’s most recent 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that nationwide over 800 thousand adolescents ages 12-17 sold illegal drugs during the twelve months preceding the survey (Mieczkowski 1996). The 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that nationwide 25.4% of students had been offered, sold, or given an illegal drug by someone on school property (Mieczkowski 1996).