The juvenile arrest rate for each of these offenses has been declining steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 70% and manslaughter arrest rate fell 40% from its 1993 peak through 2001. (Snyder, 2003) More specifically, “juveniles were involved in 10% of murder arrests, 14% of aggravated assault arrests, 31% of burglary arrests, 24% of robbery arrests, and 23% of weapons arrest in 2001” (Snyder, 2003). In addition, there were significant decreases in juvenile arrests for property crimes in 2001, which reached its lowest level since the 1960s and juvenile arrest rates for burglary declined 66% between 1980 and 2001. Female Juveniles and Crime The National Center for Juvenile Justice
The Overall Decrease in Juvenile Arrests Overall Review Data from 2008 shows that juvenile arrests for violent crime declined between 2006 and 2008. According to Puzzanchera (2009) “In 2008 there were 2.11 million juvenile arrests, which is 16% lower than the arrests in 1999” (p.3). In 2008 juvenile arrests for forcible rape was at an all time low since 1980, aggravated assault arrests were also at its lowest since 1988. However, juvenile arrests for murder were at its low in 2004, but increased from 2005 to 2007. Further, the Property Crime Index decreased by 20%, larceny-theft by 17%, murder by 5%, motor vehicle theft by 50%, and burglary by 14% (Puzzanchera, 2008).
The FBI reports for 2008 shows that the numbers of violent crimes dropped 11.6% in the city of Detroit. From 2000 to 2004 Detroit’s rate has dropped 23% drastically. In 2007, the city had the sixth highest rate of violent crime among the twenty-five largest U.S. cities. FBI reports In 2010, city of Detroit neighborhoods were not listed as among those in major cities with the 25 highest crime rates in the U.S. as reported by neighborhoods. Detroit recorded 308 criminal homicides in 2010, a 15.4% drop from the previous year’s count of 364.
It seem population density is to deter crime but that is not truly true because it seem that high density it offer a perfect oppuorunity for property crime . Property crime is about 1/3 out of all crimes that occur. Property crimes has include the follow crimes thefts, larceny, burglary, robbery,sort lifting, arson and vandalism. The statistic has shown that property crime have fell major about 32 percent in a ten year period. Property crime rate , “of 135 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2008 was lower than the rate of 147 per 1,000 households in 2007” and it was 248 attempted or completed property crimes per 1,000U.S.
In recent years, the average age for first arrest has dropped significantly, and younger boys and girls are committing these crimes. Between 60-80% of adolescents, and pre-adolescents engage in some form of juvenile offending .These can range from status offenses (such as underage smoking), to property crimes, to violent crimes. The percent of teens who offend is so high that it would seem to be a cause for worry. However, juvenile offending can be considered normative adolescent behaviour . This is because most teens tend to offend by committing non-violent crimes, only once or a few times, and only during adolescence.
Programs and their effect on recidivism for juvenile delinquents With incarceration rates at their highest there needs to be a thoughtful solution into how the criminal justice system can keep juveniles from re-offending. Numerous programs have been tested, many failed, but there are few that showed a significant decrease in recidivism. In the article by Brittany Bostic, "Reducing Recidivism for Juvenile Criminal Offenders" it states throughout seven different types of programs and practices that were tested and deemed which ones were more successful. Although there are no official statistics to measure juvenile delinquents regarding recidivism; re-incarceration, re-conviction, re-arraignment and re-arrest are still a major figure in our criminal justice system. It is important to start addressing the situation at its early stage, in this circumstance;juveniles.
There is a lack of evidence proving that there was ever any correlation between violence in video games and violence in children that have played these video games. Violent juvenile crime in the United States has been declining as violent video game popularity has increased. The arrest rate for juvenile murders has fallen 71.9% between 1995 and 2008. The arrest rate for all juvenile violent crimes has declined 49.3%. In this same period, video game sales have more than sextupled (650%) between 1996 and 2010 (Entertainment Software Asssociation 2009) (Entertainment Software Association 2013).
The age of criminal responsibility as dropped in England and Wales following the James Bulger case where a three year old child was brutally killed by two ten year old children. The age was reduced from 14 to 10 here. Are there variations in crimes due to culture or history? Some actions are criminal in one culture but not in others. In Egypt and Sudan, female circumcision is legal, in England and many other countries it is prohibited.
In fact in the state of Georgia, Vetter and Lostys say teen driving death were decreased by 37% because of their teen driving laws. They also said the laws came with penalties. Like licenses being revoked if caught speeding and other reckless driving. I believe that teen driver’s licenses should come with restrictions and limitations. One reason we should limit teen driver’s licenses is because of the cost.
* Almost half (46.9 percent) of those surveyed experienced physical abuse, including almost 80 percent of girls. * One in five reported histories of sexual abuse, and 77.3 percent of female prisoners reported abuse as girls. African Americans are twice more likely to be senetenced with life without parole for murdering a Caucasian than a Caucasian murdering an African American (Meza). The United States is still somewhat raciest when it comes to sentencing minorities