Petty offenders are children who engage in conduct which is unlawful for them but not unlawful for adults, such as violating curfew, drinking, and smoking. Also included in the petty offender category are juveniles who commit petty misdemeanors and juveniles charged with their first or second nonviolent misdemeanor offense, with the exception of certain designated offenses. A juvenile traffic offender is a child who violates traffic laws. In certain cases, depending on the age of the child and the nature of the traffic offense, the matter may be handled exclusively by the adult court rather than the juvenile court. For example, a child 16 years old or older who is alleged to have committed a petty misdemeanor-level traffic offense or a DWI or related nonfelony offense is treated the same as an adult offender.
According to "Juvenile Court Procedure" (2012), "After committing an offense, juveniles are detained rather than arrested. Next, a petition is drawn up which outlines the jurisdiction authority of the juvenile court over the offense and detained individuals, gives notice for the reason for the court appearance, serves as notice to the minor's family, and also is the official charging document"(para 1). Moreover, juvenile offender cases are heard in family courts unlike adult cases that are heard in criminal court. In response, to all the information I provided, my opinion is that the juvenile process should definitely differ from the adult process. I think that juveniles should not receive a harsh of a process as adults because he or she are still kids themselves.
ju Natsaha Fussell ju Juvenile Crime Law is a subcategory of Juvenile Law. Although a type of criminal law, juvenile crime law only deals with under-age individuals, who are treated very differently than adults in criminal law, and usually have their own courts of law. Minors under the age of 18 years, who commit a crime, or otherwise violate established rules and statutes, are identified as juvenile delinquents, juvenile offenders, youthful offenders, or delinquent minors. Laws governing juvenile delinquency are largely enacted and regulated on a state by state basis. The doctrine of parens patriae allows the state to essentially act as parent to a youth by legislation, for the purpose of maintenance, custody, care and protection of the children within the state.
Juvenile Crime Statistics Paper Shirley Giron September 19, 2014 CJA/374 William O’Neil Juvenile Crime Statistics Since the beginning of time crime and criminal activity has been an uproar among society. Most criminal begin at delinquency and continue committing criminal activities till adulthood. According to the 2008 juvenile crime report, juveniles make up a 2.11 million arrests, 16% of all violent crime arrests (Puzzanchera, 2009). The findings were made from data reported from local law enforcement agencies that were than accumulated in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Program. UCR states there has been 3% decline on juvenile arrests, arrest include murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault (Puzzanchera, 2009).
Each program is slightly different at their prevention methods; however, no matter the program they have the same goal in mind, which is to keep juveniles off the streets. Some juveniles did not include themselves in a preventative program or they did and still choose the hard life of criminal activities. Programs that step in and try to gear the trouble juvenile to change his or her ways are known as intervention programs. Programs as such allow the juvenile to know that he or she has support and that help is available for them. Certain law enforcement agencies help and participate in intervention programs.
Drug users are more likely to commit crimes then non-drug users. Juvenile drug courts were initially established as a recreation due to the growing number of juvenile substance arrests. Funding of the juvenile court programs was established by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The two primary emphases are rehabilitation and diversion. Juvenile drug courts are similar in that most rely on teams of juvenile justice professionals by requiring routine drug tests and mandate frequent appearances in front of a judge.
Once a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, the judge then choses a disposition which usually is probation but there are other options such as juvenile halls, boot camps, group homes, youth correctional facilities and so on. I believe that the juvenile process should differ from that of the adult process because at the end of the day, a juvenile is still a child and most do not fully understand the severity of their crime. The juvenile courts can ultimately help the subject instead of resulting in
The legal term juvenile delinquent was generated so that young offenders could steer clear of the humiliation of being labeled in officially authorized court documents as criminals. In the United States, all states have separate systems for dealing with juvenile and adult criminals. A juvenile delinquent is a minor that is usually under the age of 18, who have committed an offense in states which have confirmed by law that a minor does not encompass responsibility and therefore may not be punished as an adult. Though, the legislatures of a number of states have decreased the age of unlawful accountability for severe crimes or for persistent habitual offenders to as low
Meka CJA/374 February 3, 2012 LeDetra Jones Juvenile Crime Statistics Juvenile crime, also known as juvenile delinquency is minors participating in any illegal behaviors. Juveniles are considered to be individuals under the age of 18. According to “Legal Dictionary” (2012), a juvenile delinquent is a person who is under age 18, that is found to have committed a crime in states that have declared by law that a minor lacks responsibility and thus may not be sentenced as an adult (para. 1). Juvenile crime statistics have become popular in recent years because of its arrest increase in serious crimes.
The fact that some crimes are committed by individuals who are not yet mature enough to vote, drive, or even drink should not be ignored. Punishment for an adult can be unfair when applied to a child in some cases, especially when they don’t understand the consequences of their actions. When it comes to judgment of these crimes it should vary on a case to case basis. It should be taken into account whether the defendant’s crime was malicious, accidental or they could not understand the magnitude of their actions. Juvenile offenders should be tried and punished as adults do to the nature of the crime.