Juvenile Crime and the Crininal Justice System

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Juvenile Crime and the Criminal Justice System University of Phoenix Associates Program Adolescents and teens who commit crimes or criminal activities are considered juvenile criminals. The crimes they commit are not treated the same as the crimes committed by an adult, in most cases. There are many reasons that may cause an adolescent or teen to become a juvenile criminal or delinquent but there is no specific data that can indicate what causes the behavior in a juvenile to commit criminal activities. There are differences between adult court and juvenile court but in certain situations, a juvenile may tried as an adult. For instance, if a juvenile commits a criminal activity that is serious on nature, such as rape or murder, the juvenile will not be processed through the juvenile system but through the adult court system. The juvenile justice system is defined as “the aggregate of the government agencies that function to investigate, supervise, adjudicate, care for, or confine youthful offenders and other children subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court” (Schmalleger, 2011). According to the U.S. Department of Justice Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (DJJDP), “law enforcement agencies refer approximately two-thirds of all arrested youth to a juvenile court for further processing” ("Juveniles in Court", 2008). The juvenile system has a connection to the adult court system but is more structured and has a more uniform philosophy. The difference is explained by society’s opinion that younger individuals deserve more support and even though they have committed a wrong-doing, they are worth saving. Society also, in recent years, has come to realize that the violent natures of “juvenile” crimes has escalated to the point that the justice system for juveniles needs to be revamped due to the increase in these violent crimes. The purpose

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