The decisions can be far reaching and may have a significant impact on a juvenile, since their reasoning skills are lacking compared to that of an adult. Pros From a social standpoint, it can be an advantage to society to have such crimes, as example above, tried in criminal adult courts. It doesn’t appear that there was much in the way that the conviction of Lionel Tate served society since he was later released on appeal and given probation, however, he was later found guilty of violating his probation on a robbery charge and sentenced to prison (Aguayo, 2006). In other words, juveniles that commit such heinous crimes should be tried in adult’s court. These types of decisions to try juveniles in adult court serve society in terms of placing these individuals in custody for potential rehabilitation and introduction back into society.
Where specific protections exist for juvenile offenders such as suppression of an offender's name or picture or a closed courtroom where the proceedings are not made public, these protections may be waived. Trial as an adult is a situation when a juvenile offender is tried as if he/she were an adult. Where specific protections exist for juvenile offenders such as suppression of an offender's name or picture or a closed courtroom where the proceedings are not made public, these protections may be waived. There are several differences between juvenile court and criminal court in the United States. One of the most significant differences is the intent of the two systems; the focus of the juvenile justice system is on rehabilitation and future reintegration, while the goal of the criminal justice system is punishment and deterrence of future crime.
Legal Essay The Criminal Justice System has had varying degrees of effectiveness on all matters of Society, one extensive factor being young offenders. Whilst the Criminal Justice System may seem to be easy going on Juveniles, there are certain laws regarding age of responsibility, as at some ages it understandable that they may not be able to comprehend the seriousness of their actions. This can result in them going to court, and as some of these children will be young there are certain courts available to be sent to, such as the Children’s Court, there are also alternatives to attending court. Young Offenders have certain rights as to when they are questioned or arrested, this is covered in the Young Offenders Act 1997 (NSW), also the penalties that the Criminal Justice System may impose on summary or indictable crimes performed will be explored. Assessing the effectiveness of the criminal justice system when dealing with young offenders in relation to the source SMH.
They are a few exceptions to this rule, as to when a minor or juvenile maybe charged as an adult. The major difference between juvenile and adult court, is adult court is designed to see if the offender has any criminal responsibility to the crime. Also in adult court, they are tried by a party of their peers and punishment is set forth. Can one really see a minor being tried by their peers? This is the reason why the judge has the major say in juvenile court and proceedings.
Treatment can not only help a juvenile offender get past the actions that caused him/her to be an offender in the first place but also can help the juvenile from repeating the same mistake again. There are many different treatment options available for juveniles I believe the decision should be based on the nature of the crime that they committed. A juvenile delinquent crime where I live, which is the state of New Jersey, is considered anyone under the age of 17 that commits a crime. There are many different types of crimes in the United States and outside of the more serious ones such as murder and rape. Smaller crimes by juveniles can be tough to judge because they can be based on so many different factors.
Once a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, the judge then choses a disposition which usually is probation but there are other options such as juvenile halls, boot camps, group homes, youth correctional facilities and so on. I believe that the juvenile process should differ from that of the adult process because at the end of the day, a juvenile is still a child and most do not fully understand the severity of their crime. The juvenile courts can ultimately help the subject instead of resulting in
Adjunction helps to define whether child should be judged according to the adult system. Adjudication usually includes presentation of evidences and cross-examination of witnesses (Purpura, 1996). Very often if the evidence is insufficient, the petition may be dismissed. Nevertheless, for a juvenile tried and convicted in adult court, the offender can be sentenced to the Department of Corrections, but can be placed in the Youth Authority through age 24 (LAO, 2007). 2 All in all, adjudication is an important trial stage of the juvenile justice process.
I do not feel confident in its findings as the most valid or concrete reason for keeping the juvenile court system around. The argument that minors are more at risk of recidivism if taken to adult court is plausible, but only to a certain extent in this article. I feel this article is almost too factual and analytical, with not enough commentary to accent its reported findings. Mr. Schiraldi and Ziedenberg make valid points but they do not seem to grasp the heart and soul of juvenile justice—rehabilitation and integration. Their main argument of concern is that offenders under the age of 18 are more likely to repeat offend or become even more violent if they are tried in adult court at the sole discretion of a state prosecutor.
Juvenile rights seem to change from state to state, due to the laws that each state has, which are implemented by the legislations and rules that are set. The focal point is to rehabilitate these young people oppose to integrating them into prisons or jails, whereas this could stop them from being taking through the system at such a early age. When a juvenile has entered into the juvenile justice system they are processed through intake adjudication, disposition and post-adjudications. The purpose of the intake process is to decide what would be the proper location for the juvenile, such as programs to divert the juvenile of dismiss informally, either one is effective the youth can be petition to juvenile court. The adjudication process is less reserved than the adults hearings, however the juvenile have limited rights than the adults offenders in the judicial process.
Adult and Juvenile Justice 1 ADULT AND JUVENILE JUSTICE ADULT AND JUVENILE JUSTICE LAPREEA TURNER PROFESSOR RAYMOND KEEFAUVER CJ-150 JUVENILE DELINQUENCY KAPLAN UNIVERSITY APRIL 13, 2012 Adult and Juvenile Justice 2 ADULT AND JUVENILE JUSTICE The justice system for adults and juveniles differ in many ways and may vary dependent on the state in which the crime occurred. Juveniles are prosecuted for committing delinquent acts and not for committing crimes. When the acts of a juvenile are serious, they may be considered as a crime and the minor may be tried in an adult court. Juveniles, unlike adults, do not have the right to a public trial by a jury. If a juvenile is charged with a crime, the judge will hear evidence and decide if the juvenile is a delinquent which is called an adjudication hearing.