Juvenile Court Process

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Juvenile Court Process The juvenile courts are considered courts of limited jurisdiction because they are only allowed to hear certain types of cases. Most of the types of cases heard in juvenile courts are limited to cases that involve individuals of a certain age and in most states, the maximum age is seventeen after the age of seventeen the subject is tried in an adult court. In all states, juveniles can be tried as an adult depending on the severity of the crime committed. In order for a juvenile to appear in court it must first be referred to the court. Most cases are referred by law enforcement but some cases can also be refereed by the school, parents, social services, and victims. When the case is referred to the juvenile court typically an intake officer or in some states a prosecutor will determine whether the case goes further, is dismissed, is diverted to a program or is filed as an adult offense. If the intake officer determines that the case must be sent to the juvenile court it must be submitted as a petition, in which the case is now to be handled by the court. If the case progresses an adjudication hearing will be held which is much like an adult hearing. Once a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, the judge then choses a disposition which usually is probation but there are other options such as juvenile halls, boot camps, group homes, youth correctional facilities and so on. I believe that the juvenile process should differ from that of the adult process because at the end of the day, a juvenile is still a child and most do not fully understand the severity of their crime. The juvenile courts can ultimately help the subject instead of resulting in
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