These treatment programs will help get juvenile offenders back on the right track towards a positive lifestyle. There are various types of community-based treatment options for delinquent youths to utilize. These options would include probation, intense supervision, house arrest and electronic monitoring. While on probation a juvenile offender is under standard supervision of a probation officer. The
They STOP THE INCARCERATION AND START THE REHABILITATION 15 participate in anger management courses and substance abuse counseling if necessary, and do manual labor on the facility grounds or in the community. (Clark, 2013). Although shock incarceration is a better solution then adult prisons, it has been criticized over its incidents involving abuse of inmates by staff. (Cullen, 2012) Punishment and rehabilitation are a major part of the criminal justice system and will be effective in controlling crime if there is a way to incorporate the two factors to work together. Punishing and following up with rehabilitation through community supervision can help prevent crime.
Future of the Juvenile Justice System Courts: Many changes need to happen to allow a better future of the juvenile justice system. “The elimination of some of the court’s delinquency function as more and more jurisdiction over youth criminality is transferred to the adult criminal system. Another possibility is the removal or reduction from juvenile court jurisdiction of status offenses, including truancy, beyond control of parents, running away from home, and other noncriminal conduct. Instead of utilizing the juvenile court, this type of behavior would be addressed increasingly by community-based services. A third possibility is the juvenile court’s expanding jurisdiction over abuse and neglect cases.Oversight of abuse and neglect cases and of the social service agencies whichdeliver services to families has become a major portion of the work of the juvenile court” (Hanson, 1996) .
Juvenile justice can be defined as the sector of the law applicable to persons not of legal age. Complying with the United Nations Conventions of the Rights of the Child, the juvenile justice system aims to combine the welfare and justice approaches to youth crime, in order to keep the best interests of the child as the most prominent of priorities. However, there remains a considerable list of aims to be addressed when the issue of responding to juvenile justice arises. These include decreasing rates of recidivism, providing rehabilitation into society, and ultimately recognizing that due to mental immaturity and lack of legal knowledge, young offenders require a degree of protection. The extent to which our legal system is able to adequately provide this is at times, questionable.
During this era members in society began to recognize the developmental difference between the juvenile delinquent and the adult criminal offender. The new focus was on rehabilitating the juvenile and repairing the family in order to assist them in becoming more productive members of society. The juvenile justice system was developed based on a rehabilitative model that would focus on the mitigating factors surrounding the juvenile’s delinquency and ensure the juvenile is provided with the necessary programs to successfully recover their lives. The juvenile justice system would take into account childhood abuse and the child family situation and develop programs designed to change their perception and behavior and assist in restoring the family. While this was the focus of the juvenile justice system
In California from that point the police may get involved if an incident occurs at school or home, the officer can choose to take the youth to juvenile hall. The next step would be the probation department’s decision to book the juvenile or not based on offense and capacity of the hall Once a juvenile is arrested in California the officer has more leeway in whether to release the minor back to his or her parents or take them to juvenile hall. Once detained, the district attorney can drop charges, request transfer or file charges. Once placed in juvenile hall a petition can be filed either by the district attorney or the probation department. At this point the court can make various decisions such as whether the
How did the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 change the sentencing process for young people? The 1999 Criminal Evidence Act was introduced for the following reasons; to provide for the referral of offenders under 18 to youth offender panels; to make provision in connection with the giving of evidence or information for the purposes of criminal proceedings; to amend section 51 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994; to make pre-consolidation amendments relating to youth justice; and for connected purposes.’ [27th July 1999] The Act is about improving the effectiveness of the youth court and preventing offending by children and young people. This is now the principal aim of the youth justice system. Changes to the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act gave further reforms to the youth court, these changes created a new sentence of referral to a youth offender panel, known as a Referral Order. A Referral Order will be available for young people convicted for the first time and its primary aim is to prevent re-offending.
Specifically it: Requires more juvenile offenders to be try in adult court Requires that certain juvenile offenders be held in local or state correctional facilities Changes the types of probation available for juvenile felons Reduces confidentiality protections for juvenile offenders Increases penalties for gang-related crimes and require convicted gang members to register with local law enforcement agencies Increases criminal penalties for certain serious and violent offenses (www.lao.ca.gov) Rehabilitation The juvenile criminal justice system for rehabilitation is a basic system that helps with education, schooling, and a job training; basically giving the juveniles a second chance on life. The Juvenile Justice System is intended to have goals for their public safety as well treatment in California. When it comes to California State Juvenile Justice System are programs that deal with community supervision who handles the juveniles, detention, and incarceration. The goals in the juvenile justice system includes that schooling have social workers that help the youth out on life and organizations that each individual participates in. For a minor who is a juvenile victim is arrested than law enforcement
The first thing that I would change would be to enforce harsher punishment for crimes so as to defer young teens from making the same mistakes again. Now-a-days a young person can commit a crime, and get a small punishment from the juvenile system and be out the next day. They eventually learn that if they keep committing these crimes, then they will keep being able to get away with it with only a small punishment. Kids these days are not stupid, they will eventually catch on to the fact that they are not being punished nearly as harsh as they should be and that alone will tell them that they should just keep doing it. I think one of the main reasons that they do
Community Corrections Barb Vorachek University of Phoenix (Axia) CJS/230 Theresa Degard 12/11/11 Community Corrections The goals of community corrections are to contribute to public safety, and reduce future criminal conduct (Martin, 2006). Community corrections are a big part of the criminal justice system. Community corrections are a form of punishment that an offender can receive to serve time in the community, instead of serving it in jail. There are many forms of community corrections it does not only involve probation and parole. Other forms include community service and house arrest (Foster, 2006).