Each program is slightly different at their prevention methods; however, no matter the program they have the same goal in mind, which is to keep juveniles off the streets. Some juveniles did not include themselves in a preventative program or they did and still choose the hard life of criminal activities. Programs that step in and try to gear the trouble juvenile to change his or her ways are known as intervention programs. Programs as such allow the juvenile to know that he or she has support and that help is available for them. Certain law enforcement agencies help and participate in intervention programs.
The purpose of juvenile courts is to distinguish juveniles from adult’s base on the type of crime committed. Juvenile are less responsible because of there age but juveniles are also easy to rehabilitate. There has been a increase in juveniles who are tried as adults in criminal courts, because the crime that juveniles are committing has changes for the worst. Even with the decision to try juveniles as adults in criminal court the outcome has done more harm then good to the juveniles system. The Juveniles Justice System Over a hundred years ago the first court was designed to deal with children this court was developed in Chicago.
Juvenile drug courts are similar in that most rely on teams of juvenile justice professionals by requiring routine drug tests and mandate frequent appearances in front of a judge. Drug courts do differ in their decisions and effectiveness. The goal of disposition is to utilize effective risk assessment to identify juveniles who best fit for specialized programs. Juvenile dispositions vary according to type of drug used, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and region. Eligibility requirements for juvenile drug courts vary
Courts are challenged with an array of factors in establishing an effective system of justice for juveniles that holds juveniles accountable as well as prepares them for reintegration into society as productive citizens. Currently the nation is swept with controversy over Juvenile offenders. Of the many components of Juvenile Delinquency; the main issues raised reflects society’s views on Crime Control versus Due Process and how this pertains to juveniles. Are we incarcerating children into a system that does not hold them accountable? My paper will be an analysis of the juvenile justice system, recidivism rates, and how this process affects the outcome of children and administration in the Juvenile Justice System.
A significant number of cases heard in juvenile court are status offenses (A Separate System for Juveniles).” Around seventy percent of juveniles that get arrested are referred to juvenile court. The type of discretion that an officer uses is determined by the severity of the crime in question. “The police role with juveniles is expanded because they handle many noncriminal matters referred to as status offenses, including running away, curfew violations, and truancy as well as non-delinquent juvenile matters such as neglect, abuse, and missing persons reports (Police and Juvenile Offenders).” Some urban police departments have special units to the regard specifically to juveniles. Juveniles tend to have less respect for authority; the immaturity of juveniles makes them more prone to the peer pressure of others. Many juveniles see officers on patrol as a challenge of avoiding capture, instead
Specifically it: Requires more juvenile offenders to be try in adult court Requires that certain juvenile offenders be held in local or state correctional facilities Changes the types of probation available for juvenile felons Reduces confidentiality protections for juvenile offenders Increases penalties for gang-related crimes and require convicted gang members to register with local law enforcement agencies Increases criminal penalties for certain serious and violent offenses (www.lao.ca.gov) Rehabilitation The juvenile criminal justice system for rehabilitation is a basic system that helps with education, schooling, and a job training; basically giving the juveniles a second chance on life. The Juvenile Justice System is intended to have goals for their public safety as well treatment in California. When it comes to California State Juvenile Justice System are programs that deal with community supervision who handles the juveniles, detention, and incarceration. The goals in the juvenile justice system includes that schooling have social workers that help the youth out on life and organizations that each individual participates in. For a minor who is a juvenile victim is arrested than law enforcement
Juvenile Court Process The juvenile courts are considered courts of limited jurisdiction because they are only allowed to hear certain types of cases. Most of the types of cases heard in juvenile courts are limited to cases that involve individuals of a certain age and in most states, the maximum age is seventeen after the age of seventeen the subject is tried in an adult court. In all states, juveniles can be tried as an adult depending on the severity of the crime committed. In order for a juvenile to appear in court it must first be referred to the court. Most cases are referred by law enforcement but some cases can also be refereed by the school, parents, social services, and victims.
California and New York are as far apart as two states can be; their juvenile justice systems however are not that different. California’s juvenile justice system first goal is public safety; but unlike the adult justice system whose other goal is punishment the juvenile system goal is rehabilitation and treatment of offenders. Their juvenile court system is setup to maximize these goals and results. This appears to be the same goal of the New York juvenile justice system as well; their system is setup in a way to encouragement the rehabilitation of juvenile rather than punishment. In the state of New York State a person who commits a crime and is under the age of 16 is sent to the Family Court system.
In the scholarly journal articles I have read, they take a look into the aspects on the Juvenile Justice field. This includes whether charging Juveniles as adults can really cause harm to them; or make them re-offend. Many researchers also research the many risks that could happen to a juvenile by being incarcerated in jail. They can be affected both mentally and physically. Although depending on there offense, they may not end up in jail, but end up in a juvenile detection faculty.
Although the current juvenile justice system in many states now closely resembles the adult criminal justice system; they remain two separate systems of justice founded on different philosophies. Generally speaking, while the adult criminal justice system emphasizes the punishment of criminals; the juvenile justice system is based on the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. In the early twentieth century the progressives began to perceive children in a new manner. Industrialization and modernization led to the view that children were “corruptible innocents whose upbringing required greater structure than had previously been regarded as prerequisite to adulthood.” Social scientists reported that because children are not fully developed they are not accountable for their actions in the same way as adults are accountable. Criminal behavior by children resulted from external forces such as impoverished living conditions or parental neglect.