Bottomley 1 Adult Prison Life as Juveniles In today’s Juvenile Justice System more and more decisions arise; leaning towards adult prison terms. States have passed laws which perform allowances for juveniles to be tried as adults (Elikann 110, Juszkiewiez 1, Kelleher 140). History has supported the fact that a child should be looked as a sense of rehabilitation; forming the right path for the best interest of the child (Elikann 122). Sending juveniles of impressionable age to adult prisons will be impressionable. Adult sentencing to juveniles will be historically discussed, statistically evaluated, study oriented, case based and quoted.
According to "Juvenile Court Procedure" (2012), "After committing an offense, juveniles are detained rather than arrested. Next, a petition is drawn up which outlines the jurisdiction authority of the juvenile court over the offense and detained individuals, gives notice for the reason for the court appearance, serves as notice to the minor's family, and also is the official charging document"(para 1). Moreover, juvenile offender cases are heard in family courts unlike adult cases that are heard in criminal court. In response, to all the information I provided, my opinion is that the juvenile process should definitely differ from the adult process. I think that juveniles should not receive a harsh of a process as adults because he or she are still kids themselves.
The Illinois Juvenile Court Act allowed a children’s court to hear cases that dealt with young offenders; delinquent, dependent, and neglected adolescents. The state could protect children from families who were not providing the proper care. The idea of parens patriae was established, meaning “the state as the parent.” Under this doctrine, the court was to be paternalistic and base their decisions on individualized justice. Judges did not base their decisions on the delinquent’s alleged crimes, but on the best interests for them. This allowed judges to have more discretion and created a problem of fairness and equality.
Specifically it: Requires more juvenile offenders to be try in adult court Requires that certain juvenile offenders be held in local or state correctional facilities Changes the types of probation available for juvenile felons Reduces confidentiality protections for juvenile offenders Increases penalties for gang-related crimes and require convicted gang members to register with local law enforcement agencies Increases criminal penalties for certain serious and violent offenses (www.lao.ca.gov) Rehabilitation The juvenile criminal justice system for rehabilitation is a basic system that helps with education, schooling, and a job training; basically giving the juveniles a second chance on life. The Juvenile Justice System is intended to have goals for their public safety as well treatment in California. When it comes to California State Juvenile Justice System are programs that deal with community supervision who handles the juveniles, detention, and incarceration. The goals in the juvenile justice system includes that schooling have social workers that help the youth out on life and organizations that each individual participates in. For a minor who is a juvenile victim is arrested than law enforcement
Crime Causation and Diversion Toni Rowe CJA/374 June 4, 2012 University of Phoenix Crime Causation and Diversion Diversion is “an attempt to divert, or channel out, youthful offenders from the juvenile justice system” (Bynum and Thompson, 1996:430). The concept of diversion is based on the theory that processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more harm than good (Lundman, 1993). The basis of the diversion argument is that youth that commit petty crimes should be handled outside of the juvenile system and be sent to a program. The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice is an organization whose mission is to reduce society’s reliance on incarceration as a solution to social problems. This program is nonprofit and provides help to someone that is facing prison time, t educates the public about what effects prison has on a person, and it provides assistance to other jurisdictions that would like to establish programs for offender populations.
California and New York are as far apart as two states can be; their juvenile justice systems however are not that different. California’s juvenile justice system first goal is public safety; but unlike the adult justice system whose other goal is punishment the juvenile system goal is rehabilitation and treatment of offenders. Their juvenile court system is setup to maximize these goals and results. This appears to be the same goal of the New York juvenile justice system as well; their system is setup in a way to encouragement the rehabilitation of juvenile rather than punishment. In the state of New York State a person who commits a crime and is under the age of 16 is sent to the Family Court system.
Once a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, the judge then choses a disposition which usually is probation but there are other options such as juvenile halls, boot camps, group homes, youth correctional facilities and so on. I believe that the juvenile process should differ from that of the adult process because at the end of the day, a juvenile is still a child and most do not fully understand the severity of their crime. The juvenile courts can ultimately help the subject instead of resulting in
I plan to demonstrate, through this document, that the YCJA is too lenient in dealing with youth crime, particularly where it involves weapons and violence. The YCJA made several changes to the previous justice system for youth, including a statement of principle removing any
Courts are challenged with an array of factors in establishing an effective system of justice for juveniles that holds juveniles accountable as well as prepares them for reintegration into society as productive citizens. Currently the nation is swept with controversy over Juvenile offenders. Of the many components of Juvenile Delinquency; the main issues raised reflects society’s views on Crime Control versus Due Process and how this pertains to juveniles. Are we incarcerating children into a system that does not hold them accountable? My paper will be an analysis of the juvenile justice system, recidivism rates, and how this process affects the outcome of children and administration in the Juvenile Justice System.
2) Delinquency offenses – Are act that a child could commit but if committed by an adult can result in he or she being criminally prosecuted. The purpose of the juvenile system was that children could be rehabilitated, because children are developmentally dissimilar from adults; and can