Juvenile and Adult Courts

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Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis CJA 374 September 1, 2014 Cory Kelly Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis The juvenile court and adult court are very similar in the United States Court system. The biggest difference between the juvenile court and the adult court is the juvenile court handles offenders under the age of 18, and the adult court handles offenders 18 and older. There are certain situations where a juvenile is handled in an adult court. These case would be determined by the age of the offender, severity of the crime, and the amount of incidences. This paper will give an overview of the juvenile justice system. It will compare the juvenile and adult courts. It will talk about the adjudication process by which a juvenile is transferred to the adult court. It will also discuss the implications of the trend of increasing the use of waivers and the trend of remanding juveniles to adult court for processing. Lastly, it will talk about the societal implications of abolishing juvenile court. Overview of the Juvenile Justice System The juvenile justice system was created because the justice system decided under the age of 18 a juvenile should not be held responsible for their delinquent acts. Therefore, they created a juvenile justice system to rehabilitate juveniles instead of punishing them, in the hope of keeping them from committing more crimes. Depending on the severity of the crime, the age of the offender, and amount of incidents, the juvenile court can waive its jurisdiction and have the juvenile transferred to the adult court to be punished. To guarantee the juvenile’s welfare and safety, the state statues deliver a baseline for courts and procedures they must follow when handling a juvenile in the adult justice system, called parens patriate. Creating standards and providing funding is the function of the Federal

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