Problem: What factors influence juvenile deliquency?
1) Juveniles who live in highly populated areas will have more opportunity to get involved in crime.
2) Juveniles who are being raised in poverty are more likely to become deliquent.
3) Drug offenses are the most common for juvenile offenders.
Literature Review Draft
Juvenile delinquency is the term given to juveniles that commit crimes. Juvenile delinquency covers many aspects from a small petty crime such as vandalism to a severe crime such as murder. When people usually hear the word delinquent and juvenile together they immediately assume the individual must be a threat to society, but sometimes the child involved in criminal activity was just in the wrong place at the wrong time. What some people do not realize is that there is a reason why a child would take part in a criminal activity. Juveniles are defined as those who have not reached adulthood; in other words a juvenile is anyone under the age 18. However, one important thing to remember is every state is different. For example one state may consider a juvenile to be anyone under the age of 18, whereas another state may consider anyone under the age of 17 to be a juvenile.
The causes of juvenile delinquency vary tremendously. The biggest cause of juvenile delinquency is what young people experience on a daily basis. Juveniles who experience difficult circumstances are at greater risk of falling into juvenile delinquency. The number of children in especially difficult circumstances is estimated to have increased from 80 million to 150 million between 1992 and 2000 (Unicef:2003). Difficult circumstances such as poverty, parental alcoholism, abuse, divorce, and overcrowding in the home can all cause juvenile delinquency. When a child feels like they are unwanted and misunderstood