PART A: Explain Mill’s challenge to the teleological argument. (25marks) The teleological argument claims that God designed the world with a purpose. God is often described to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent. Mill criticises the idea of the teleological argument, he doesn’t believe that the world is designed by a God because within nature there are cruelty and crimes that are unpunished. Mill argues that if God designed the universe he wouldn’t have created something containing any evil at all it wouldn’t fit in with his description.
God put a curse on Cain for punishment of this crime. Not only did the Lord spare Cain’s life, he marked Cain to protect him from being killed by others. The story of Cain and Abel is often used as an example, when the subject of capital punishment is being discussed. It is often referred to by those who are against the capital punishment. The punishment God imposed on Cain was not light.
Claudius purposefully set out to murder his own flesh and blood, which proves his selfishness, similar to the biblical reference of the serpent. The ghost goes on to say, “With witchcraft of his wits, with traitorous gifts… So to seduce! -- won to his shameful lust.” This further emphasizes the reference to Adam and Eve because Claudius acted as the serpent that tempted Eve with the poisonous fruits in the Garden of Eden, the “orchard,” to “win his shameful lust.” By expressing diction to metaphorically relate Claudius to the serpent, it helps align the reader with Hamlet and the Ghost in their contempt for Claudius and the Queen and heightens the reader’s sense of vengeance. Furthermore, in the passage, Shakespeare applies imagery to show Hamlet and the ghost's abhorrence towards Claudius and the Queen's corrupt nature. By presenting Claudius as the unfaithful serpent, it gives readers the connotation that he is evil, betraying and loathsome, correlating to the ghost’s and Hamlet’s feelings.
By piecing these religious aspects together, a unique cinematic foundation is established. The evil that surrounds the primal creatures in the film demonstrates the degenerative effect of the human self as a result of sin. The presence of sin is an essential concept in Christianity and Judaism, but what exactly is sin? In a biblical sense, “whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness” (1 John 3:4). The law that is mention in this scripture is established by God; therefore, sin can essentially means transgression or forsaking God’s law.
The moral law of God may be defined as ‘the expression of God’s will’ enforced by His power, for His rational beings. Here there is a judgement being made by god. In the Genesis God can be seen as Judge because After Adam and Eve had eaten the forbidden fruit, it says ‘And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed … and so on this in my opinion definitely shows God as Judge. Another reason why God is seen as law giver is when God says to Moses "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen." It also shows that God has
It will grow thorns and thistles for you.”  Evil stems from sin which came not from God, but from man’s willfull disobedience to God. At this point, I asked Sam if he knew what a theodicy was, and he stated that he did not. I explained that a theodicy is a defense of God being all loving and all powerful and yet evil exists. According to Elwell, the strength of one’s theodicy is based
The most common, and given to us first, is excuses. “Yes, but” or “If only” is expressed in context (Feist, J., Feist, G., and Roberts, 2013, p. 85). A person tries to protect oneself by making excuses to explain their actions, or blame someone else to save face or even at times try to mislead the other person with true facts. In Genesis 3:11-13, our Holy Bible expresses this where Adam blamed Eve for his eating of the forbidden fruit. Given to us secondly is aggression.
He asserts that the Holy Spirit makes the Bible authoritative and evangelicals make the mistake in stating that general revelation should be rendered inoperative because of the curse of sin that was imputed to man after the fall of Adam and Eve. He feels that general revelation should not need the help of special revelation simply because man is prone to the curse of sin and is incapable of understanding or seeing God in His creation. Thomas C. Oden in his article, "Without Excuse: Classic Christian Exegesis of General Revelation", seems to agree with Diehl from an exegetical standpoint when he asserts that the doctrine of general revelation has suffered due to the lack of proper exegetical work done on the
Ellie Wiesel struggles with his faith in god because he witnessed evil appear in front of his own eyes, evil that a God of his should have stopped. Wiesel uses the word “Night” to symbolize his struggle with God. The book of Genesis claims the “light was good” Which
In Romans 13: 4-5 it says, “For he is God’s servant to do you good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword for nothing. He is God’s servant, an agent of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities not only because of possible punishment but also because of conscience.” We will first look at the purpose of the civil law. God put rulers over us for a reason.