Unit 203 Introduction to equality and inclusion in health, social care or children’s and young people’s setting Outcome 1 Understand the Importance of Equality and Inclusion 1.1 Diversity is about acknowledging and respecting an individuals differences, diversity recognises that although people have things in common with each other, every individual is also different in many ways, Diversity consists of many factors. Equality means to treat everyone equally in a way that is appropriate to their needs. Discrimination is the prejudicial treatment of an individual based on their membership in a certain group or category. Inclusion is seen as a universal human right and aims at embracing all people irrespective of race, gender, disability, medical or other needs. It is about giving equal access and opportunities and getting rid of discrimination and intolerance.
Inclusion The term inclusion is seen as a universal human right and aims at embracing all people irrespective of race, gender, disability, medical or other need. It is about giving equal access and opportunities and getting rid of discrimination and intolerance. Discrimination Discrimination could be direct or indirect, and both are covered by equality & diversity legislation. a. Direct - Where one person is treated less favourably than another is, has been or will be treated in a comparable situation b.
Further it contends that individual rights cannot remain intact without a communitarian perspective; that human dignity and the social dimension are recognized equally. How is this possible? Can a system exist in which an individual and society as a whole maintain a mutually acceptable symbiotic existence without infringing on opposing responsibilities? A democratic perspective by its very nature relies on a individuals view on how best to run his given society. A communitarian perspective insist that all members of a community act and react as one, each drawing the same conclusions as the next, and collectively moving towards a mutual goal.
It wasn’t until shortly after his death that Karl Marx’s ideology began to significantly influence socialist movements. Although relatively unknown during his lifetime he has become one of the fundamental economic and sociological figures of the modern era. Many of his theories and insights into the way society functions are still relevant in the expanding capitalist society that exists today. Marx was very critical of capitalism and the division in society between the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes, attempting to highlight the injustice and exploitation of the working class by the wealthy upper and middle class. Marx predicted that capitalism within a socioeconomic system would inevitably create internal tensions between social classes leading to its demise and replacement by a new system, communism.
The Politically Incorrect Guide to Capitalism What is Capitalism? Is it good for our economy? What actions have drove us to our current position in today’s society? These are all questions answered in Robert P. Murphy’s The Politically Incorrect Guide to Capitalism. Murphy describes Capitalism “as a system in which people are free to use their private property without outside interference” (Murphy, p. 1).
Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess different Marxist views of the relationship between crime and social class. (21) The traditional Marxists believe that the main cause of crime is the capitalist society. They believe that crime is inevitable because capitalism is criminogenic, by it’s very nature it causes crime. David Gordon argues that crime is a rational response to the capitalist system and hence it is found in all social classes, even thought the statistics make it seem to be a largely working class phenomenon,. Poverty may mean that crime is the only way that the working class can survive, as crime may e the only way that they can obtain the consumer goods encouraged by the capitalist advertising, resulting in utilitarian crimes such as theft.
We summarized Aristole's view of the justice as that 'Give the right people the appropriate treatment.' The appropriate treatment depends on people's status, property, or contribution and different conditions receive different treatments. Justice is the important principle of the city-state. Every society has its own purpose and the city-state's aim is to achieve the justice. Aristole supported that justice is the high road to democracy.
This assumes that all forms of society and civilization roughly boil down to relationships between producers and consumers: at any given moment, every person is either a buyer or a seller of a certain commodity. Socialism emphasizes the collective state of human beings as members of a larger interdependent society. In Socialist theory, all people are granted certain unalienable rights, defined by consensus within a society, and applicable only insofar as those rights protect the broader needs of society. Since these rights are defined by consensus, they can be abrogated the same way, when society decides that a certain person should have his or her rights taken away from him for whatever reason. Socialism postulates that, given all humans are part of a society, then all humans have certain responsibilities to the group in which they find themselves a part.
Rawls’ Principles of Justice “Justice is the virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought”(Rawls, p. 581). John Rawls’ book, A Theory of Justice, is an in-depth analysis and interpretation of social justice. Rawls presents and discusses two principles of justice, the liberty principle and the equality principle, which are the basis of his theory on justice. Rawls’ first principle of justice states “Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others”(Rawls, p. 586). This principle is basically asserting that fundamental liberties come first over anything concerning justice.
Justice as Fairness: Political Not Metaphsyical This article by John Rawls discusses the theory of justice which was presented in his book, “A Theory of Justice.” Rawls espouses the concept that justice should be devoid of controversial philosophical and religious doctrines, and instead be understood as political, or actually practical in nature. He further discusses two fundamental principles which should guide this thought process, specifically, that each individual has equal access to basic rights or liberties, and that social and economic inequalities must be attached to offices and positions that provide the greatest benefits for those most disadvantaged. Rawls goes into great detail to explain that his theory of justice is designed, not to focus on the metaphysical or epistemological, but rather as a structure for informed and willing political agreement between citizens who are viewed equally as being free. He avoids the attendant issues that may be considered philosophical, moral or religious, by using the argument that there would be no way to resolve them politically. Rawls also speaks to the issues of social cooperation, which is governed by publically recognized rules that once again, focus on political practicability and the rational advantages that would extend from this cooperation.