June2011 Essay

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2 G/T80704/Jun12/SCLY2 Choose either Section A or Section B and answer all the questions in that section. Section A: Education with Research Methods You are advised to spend approximately 50 minutes on questions 01 to 04 . You are advised to spend approximately 30 minutes on question 05 . You are advised to spend approximately 40 minutes on questions 06 to 09 . Total for this section: 90 marks Education Read Item A below and answer questions 01 to 04 that follow. Item A There are important differences in the educational achievement of pupils from different ethnic groups. For example, at GCSE, on average, Chinese and Indian pupils perform better than White, Bangladeshi, Pakistani or Black pupils. Within all ethnic groups, girls out-perform boys – but not to the same extent. For example, gender differences have more impact on the achievement of Black Caribbean pupils than on the achievement of Chinese pupils. Similarly, class differences have more impact on achievement among White pupils than among Black pupils. One possible reason for ethnic differences in achievement lies in the school system. For example, Black Caribbean boys are far more likely to be permanently excluded than any other group. However, many sociologists also draw attention to the importance of factors outside school. 01 Explain what is meant by the ‘correspondence principle’. (2 marks) 02 Suggest three criticisms that other sociologists may make of the functionalist view of the education system. (6 marks) 03 Outline some of the ways in which government educational policies may have affected social class differences in educational achievement. (12 marks) 04 Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations for ethnic differences in educational

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