(Document A) If there is no right to vote in a country you are not treated like a citizen. The constitution was signed in the year 1787, stating that all men are equal. There is no equality if you are not allowed to vote just because you are of a different skin color. They were “Freed Blacks” but couldn’t even be granted the freedom to vote as the other “free” men of the country were. Other than not being able to vote, the free blacks were not able to even participate in the jury.
DBQ Unsure interpretations of the Constitution were the main source of conflict within America between the years 1850-1861. Since a solid compromise had not been created to resolve measures, the slavery quandary within the territories was left ignored and unsolved. In order to keep tranquility within the country, the Constitution allowed slavery to continue, granting thirteen established colonies unity and consequently delayed the eruption of the Civil War for almost a decade. The Constitution contained many assorted compromises and acts for an option that everyone can agree on. Many counter arguments were formed upon what the constitution clearly states, for example the words ‘slaves’ and ‘slavery’ were nowhere to be found within the text of the Constitution and therefore protection of the slave system was annulled of being backed up constitutionally (Doc.
After 1869 federal government remained an obstacle throughout this time period. The Supreme Court ruling of the US vs Reese case in 1875 supported Kentucky officials who turned away black voters, and so marked the way for further discrimination against black voters. The voting qualifications further restricted African Americans from exercising their political rights and was legalised by the Mississippi vs Williams case. Federal government failed to discourage anti civil rights groups whose main targets were black voters and so greatly inhibited the slow progression of African American civil rights. However, state government was also a major obstacle in achieving the vote for African Americans.
The African Americans were not able to vote because the whites and the government disenfranchised the African Americans; until the 15th Amendment. The African Americans were considered illiterate to the Whites. The 15th amendment states that they could no longer discriminate based on race. Even though this amendment sounded like good news, the Whites still made literacy test and poll taxes that the African Americans had to do even before voting. The African Americans couldn’t run for office either, they still had Democrats and Republicans.
Prelude to Civil War DBQ By the 1850's the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it has created. It is known that the union did not last that’s why the Civil War happened. If everyone could agree on what the constitution implied, then there probably would not have been a civil war. From many of the documents, there are arguments about what the constitution states. "To the Argument, that the word 'slaves' and 'slavery' are not to be found in The Constitution, and therefore it was never intended to give any protection or countenance to the slave system, it is sufficient to reply, that no such words are continued in the instrument, other words were used, intelligently and specifically, to meet the necessities of slavery."
He got on a white-only railroad car, and was arrested when he refused to leave. He first took the case to local and state courts in Louisiana, where they ruled on behalf of the separating. The case was noticed by citizens which helped him to it to the united states supreme court. And the ruling was still with the separation as long as both white and black people had equal protection which stated “separate but equal”. 2.
The fourteenth amendment says that it guarantees all Americans equal treatment. The laws that kept the races separate were called Jim Crow Laws. The laws included no marriages between blacks and whites, no school education with both blacks and whites together. It also separated blacks from so called white elevators, street cars, and bathrooms. They even segregated hospitals, parks, and
Sanford, who was Mrs. Emerson’s brother. Scott was able to obtain lawyers who supported him, and they figured out that his case could be argued in a federal district court because now he lived outside of Missouri, which ruled over interstate matters. The decision rested within the hands of the Supreme Court in 1857, with Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney who supported slavery. The court’s decision was revealed on March 6, 1857 that Scott was to be a slave again. They came to that verdict because he was black, and he wasn’t a citizen, so he was not entitled to the rights of a citizen.
Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 segregation in the United States was commonly practiced in many southern states. African Americans were discriminated against repeatedly in the south and laws did nothing to protect them. The segregation in the time was supposed to be “separate but equal” but it was hardly close to that. The federal v. state controversy affected many people in the 1960’s because no one wanted to integrate. The struggle of federal v. state is affecting the world today with gun control just as it affected the 1960’s with segregation and integration.
So While all this was going on there was ridicules laws called “ Jim Crow Laws.” [These were laws that restricted what African Americans could do.] (Jason Skog, pg. 11). For example African Americans could not go into certain stores, white nurses could not help African American patients. The leader of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was Martin Luther King Jr.. Martin Luther King Jr. would set up groups of people.