How effectively does Congress fulfil its constitutional roles? To start of this essay we must first understand what the role of Congress actually is? The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is the law-maker which is the primary and most important function of the legislature. It is through laws that policies of government are laid down for implementation.
The majority of new laws or changes to existing laws come from government but the can also come from MP’s, Lords or even a member of the public. E.g. ‘Sarah’s Law’. Both the House of Commons and House of Lords must debate and vote on the proposals. 2.
(A) what role does the US Constitution and Congress play in creating tax law? As per the Article I of the US Constitution, all legislative powers are vested in a Congress of the United States, which consists of a Senate and House of Representatives. The Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States. All bills for raising revenue originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills. Every bill which passes the House of Representatives and the Senate is presented to the President of the United States before it become a law.
The legislative branch contains The House of Representatives and The Senate. The House of Representatives and The Senate are responsible for establishing new laws, changing current laws or illuminating current laws. The executive branch is home to President and the Vice President. The President is elected by the people and chooses the members of his cabinet. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Courts and Federal Courts.
They and only they created law, in a pure absolutist state. The monarch would control the armies, regulate religious order, and bargain with nobility. Constitutionalism was based on agreed law through the parliament, balanced between government power and rights of the people. The parliament, consisting of the sovereign, is where the power resides in a constitutional state. The majority of power stands in the electorate and its representatives.
During the Revolutionary era, a democracy was established. A democracy is where all the people have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. The people of the United States hold elections, and it is through the elected officials that most decisions are made. Currently, the government is based upon the separation of powers, and there are three branches in the government. The legislative branch is responsible for making the laws.
The legislature is the law-making body, and is comprised of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The legislative function involves ‘the enactment of general rules determining the structure and powers of public authorities and regulating the conduct of citizens and private organisations. The executive is all the institutions and persons concerned with the implementation of the laws made by the legislature. It involves central and local government and the armed forces. The role of the executive ‘..includes initiating and implementing legislation, maintaining order and security, promoting social and economic welfare, administering public services and conducting the external relations of the state.
There would need to be a lot of checks in order to balance this major power supply. In order to see them you need to take a look at what the role of each branch is. First we look at the Legislative branch, which is made up of congress, and the houses of senate. This branch is in charge of of drafting, and passing our laws. The Supreme Court gave itself a large
What are the sources of the UK constitution? There are five principal sources of the British constitution: Statute Law, Common Law, Conventions, Authoritative Works and European law. Statute Law is created by parliament. In the legislative process, Acts of Parliament have to be approached by the House of Commons, The House of Lords and the monarch before they are placed on the statute book. They are then implemented by the executive and enforced by the courts.
Primarily, the court systems of the two countries are grouped into several different levels of adjudication from the central to local levels. Secondary, both court system has two levels of adjudication is the first instance and appellate cases are divided into criminal and civil cases. Furthermore, both of the court system applies the appointment to judges. However, the populations of the systems differ greatly in the independence and operating principles of the courts and there is an important difference in their composition. Firstly, in the United Kingdom, parliament is the legislative body is also the highest authority in the court system of the United Kingdom, senate performing the trial through the appellate committee of the senate, parliament became the final level trial for all criminal and civil in the UK whereas in Vietnam, state power is unified, with the assignment and coordination among state agencies in the implementation of legislative, executive and judiciary.