Judgment Case 18-5

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INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING II/ Intermediate Accounting, Spiceland/Sepe/Nelson Re: Judgment Case 18-5 Requirement 1. The two alternatives Alcoa has for accounting for the repurchase of it’s shares are: 1) The shares can be formally retired. 2) The shares can be named treasury stock Either way, total shareholders’ equity remains the same. Cash is used to repurchase common stock so the effect is to reduce both cash and shareholders’ equity. This choice does, however, affect how individual shareholders’ accounts are reported in the balance sheet. Formally retiring shares restores the balances in both the common stock account and paid-in capital - excess of par to how those balances would have looked if the shares never had been issued. Any net increase in assets produced from the sale and ensuing repurchase is reflected as Paid-in capital—share repurchase. On the other hand, any net decrease in assets resulting from the sale and subsequent repurchase is repeated as a subtraction of retained earnings. Inversely, when a share repurchase is seen as treasury stock, the cost of the treasury stock is naturally disclosed as a decrease in total shareholders’ equity. Alcoa would report the purchase of the treasury stock by debiting treasury stock and crediting cash for the charge of the purchase. The treasury stock ought to be disclosed independently in the shareholders' equity area of Alcoa’s balance sheet as an unallocated cut of shareholders' equity. These shares are treated as issued although not part of common stock outstanding. If subsequently resold for a sum larger than the cost, Alcoa should report for the sale of the treasury stock by debiting cash for the sale cost, crediting treasury stock for cost, and crediting additional paid-in capital from repurchased stock for the excess of the selling price over the cost. Adversely, if the stock is retired, Alcoa

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