Judgement Case 9-1 from Spiceland, Sepe, & Nelson (2013) Intermediate Accounting (7th Ed.)

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Judgement Case 9-1 – Inventory costs; lower of cost or market; retail inventory method Requirement 1 Theoretically, Hudson should account for the warehousing costs related to its wholesale inventories as a part of inventory. All of the necessary costs associated with preparing, and in this case storing, items for sale are to be included in inventory. The key here is that the warehousing cost is related to a particular set of items and for that reason it is important to account for the warehousing cost with the inventory in order to satisfy the matching principle. The matching principle “requires that revenues and any related expenses be recognized together in the same period” (The matching principle). By following the matching principle all of the costs associated with a particular product, not just its wholesale price, is expensed when the item is sold. Requirement 2 - A Generally, the lower of cost or market method is used to value inventory in order to “avoid reporting inventory at an amount greater than the benefits it can provide” (Spiceland, Sepe, & Nelson, 2013, p. 476). According to Spiceland, Sepe, and Nelson (2013) the “change in replacement cost usually is a good indicator of the direction of change in selling price” (p. 477). When the change in replacement cost is negative the LCM method allows companies to apply the conservatism principle. The conservatism principle involves “recognizing expenses and liabilities as soon as possible when there is uncertainty about the outcome, but to only recognize revenues and assets when they are assured of being received” (The conservatism principle). Requirement 2 – B Hudson’s wholesale inventories should be reported on the balance sheet at the replacement cost amount. The text indicates that the replacement cost is less than the NRV (or ceiling) and more than the NRV-NP (or floor) making the

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