Journal Article Critique Paper

1333 Words6 Pages
Running head: JOURNAL ARTICLE CRITIQUE PAPER Journal Article Critique Paper Chris Muth University of Phoenix Action Research MTE 561 Mishaleen Allen October 31, 2009 Journal Article Critique Paper Journal Article Critique The following critique features, “Who is responsible for educating English language learners? Discursive construction of roles and responsibilities in an inquiry community,” by Bonnie English, featured in Language & Education in 2009. The purpose of the critique is to identify the integral parts of the journal article. What background information is given, if any? Schools across the United States are educating more linguistically diverse students than ever before (Garcia and Cuellar…show more content…
Is the responsibility up to the teachers, or ESL paraprofessionals? Do both share responsibilities in teaching ELLs? In top-down discourse, the classroom teachers represent themselves as experts, and the ESL department as supportive partner. The teachers select the curriculum (the vocabulary) and the ESL department uses the activities from the teachers. Yet when confronted with instructional obstacles and time management, the teachers go to the labeling discourse and shift all the responsibility to the ESL department. Does the writer state objectives and/or a hypothesis? The author of this paper, Bonnie English, describes the three discourses of top-down, bottom-up, and labeling for educating ELLs. Throughout the whole year from Aug-May(2005-2006), English had conversations with the team and participants in this study. These three discourses normalize particular roles and responsibilities for teachers, the ESL department, and ELLs. The objective of the inquiry professional development was to promote instructional changes to benefit ELLs and was negotiated in reshaping by these local discourses. Was the problem documented?…show more content…
(English, 2009). Subject positions emerged: (1) Classroom teacher: Too many responsibilities, time management, responsible for covering the curriculum, role of expert instructional decision maker, and role of learning facilitator; (2) ESL department: Completely responsible for all ELLs, responsible for constructing a fun community for ELLs, and supporting teachers with small group instruction and data; (3) English language learners: ELLs are responsible for their own success or failure, role of deficient and passive students who need special help, and the student’s role is determined by different labels either mainstream, ELL, or Special Education. (English, 2009, p. 6). What is your opinion of the literature review? Is it comprehensive? The United States has invested time and money to provide teachers with effective methods and strategies for teaching ELLs (Echevarria, Short, and Powers 2006; Lee and Luykx. There are many factors to consider of educating ELLs either by the teachers, or ESL specialists. Discuss the methods section. What design was
Open Document