Journal Article Critique
The article contained information regarding the birth defect spina bifida. Spina bifida is a birth affect that affects the central nervous system. When babies are born with this defect their backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth. This defect affects genes, brain development, and cognitive behavior. It has been named the most complex birth defect compatible with survival. Research has been done but, there is urgency for more research as well as awareness because the findings and conclusions can aid in the help of other chronic disorders sharing one or more of the same features. There are several different estimates of instances of spina bifida in many parts of the world. This is doing to a lack of reports from dietary fortification and early termination. It was once thought that termination decisions had much to do with religion, cultural factors, and poverty but that was later found not to be true. Early detection of spina bifida can be done by prenatal ultrasonography screenings. Doctors have been known to prescribe expecting mothers with dietary supplements or prenatal vitamins to help prevent birth defects and the essential daily nutrients that the unborn fetus needs. Surgery can be done in really severe cases of spina bifida where a shunt would be planted. Most people born with this defect live well onto adulthood. In order to fully break down the relationship that spina bifida has on the human body much more research needs to be done by multiple researchers. The objective would be to provide the care for people living with spina bifida and also find ways to control or lessen the diagnosis of this defect. This article is used as a pinnacle for other researchers to also gain information on disciplinarians, spread the word on the spina bifida birth defect, and create awareness to all. Doing so will help health care professionals in the proper diagnosis and treatment procedures that should follow.