Bob Fosse Robert Louis “Bob” Fosse was an American actor, dancer, musical theater choreographer, director, screenwriter, film editor, and film director. He was born on June 23, 1927 in Chicago, Illinois. He started his career as a dancer in the late 1940s touring with companies of Call Me Mister and Make Mine Manhattan. When he finished playing in a summer-stock production of Pal Joey, then he choreographed a showcase called Talent 51. He had a screen test by M-G-M, he appeared in the film Kiss Me Kate (1953).
Samantha Lewis January 26, 2012 Dance 1950’s The 1950’s was a new and improved time period. The musicals were made with the intentions of having a plot, theme, and scheme behind it. Guys and Dolls were popular. This is a form of dramatic art, in which every song, dance, and line of dialogue developed the plot. Gene Kelly choreographed several dance and drama films, one called “An American in Paris” (1951).
Jazz Jazz is an American music style which originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the south from a mix of African and European music traditions. The word jazz began as a West Coast slang term of uncertain origin and was first used to refer to music in Chicago in about 1915. “The word may have originally been spelled “jass, or jast”. Jazz has branched out into a variety of styles, from the early 1910s to the ‘60s, jazz rock fusion from the ‘70s and later developments such as acid jazz, and it continues, (like all forms of music), to be in a constant state of evolution; New Orleans Dixieland, Chicago Dixieland, Swing, Ragtime, etc…” Dixieland is an umbrella to indicate musical styles of the
-Elbow Hops- * Basic Elbow Hops: Hopping on one elbow, pumping your legs up together. * Elbow Switch Hops: Hopping while switching from right to left Elbows. * Elbow Scissor Hops: Hopping while kicking your legs. * Note: Most One handed hand hops can be done on the
The habanera was the first written music to be rhythmically based on an African motif. From the perspective of African American music, the habanera rhythm (also known as congo, tango-congo, or tango. ) can be thought of as a combination of tresillo and the backbeat.  Musicians from Havana and New Orleans would take the twice-daily ferry between both cities to perform and not surprisingly, the habanera quickly took root in the musically fertile Crescent City. John Storm Roberts states that the musical genre habanera, "reached the U.S. 20 years before the first rag was published" (1999: 12).
Hammond was instrumental in getting Holiday recording work with an up-and-coming clarinetist and bandleader Benny Goodman. With Goodman, she sang vocals for several tracks, including her first commercial release "Your Mother's Son-In-Law" and the 1934 top ten hit "Riffin' the Scotch.” Known for her distinctive phrasing and expressive, sometimes melancholy voice, Holiday went on to record with jazz pianist Teddy Wilson and others in 1935. She made several singles, including "What a Little Moonlight Can Do" and "Miss Brown to You." That same year, Holiday appeared with Duke Ellington in the film Symphony in Black. In 1936, Billie Holiday releases “Summertime” from “Porgy and Bess”.
Intro to Jazz In the Early Jazz period during 1900 and 1922, bands took place in New Orleans. Included in these bands were Joe “King” Oliver, Louis Armstrong, and Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton who all played a style of music that would later become known as Dixieland. It was not until the early 1920’ that many black New Orleans musicians were first recorded. Among the first was the Original Dixieland Jazz Band with a collective of white New Orleans musicians who organized their band during 1916 and played in New York during 1917. The earliest forms of Jazz featured collective improvisation.
Jessica Guerra 9/27/13 P.1 Cumbias Cumbia is a dance that originated from Columbia. This was around the 1820’s during Columbians struggle for independence. Cumbia was played with tambour drums and large gaita flutes. In the 1920’s Colombian dance bands in Barranquilla and other coastal cities began playing cumbia while adding horns, brass and other instruments to the traditional drum and flutes. The dance and drawing sound became so big that people worldwide fell in love with dance.